Corporate Chair Massage and Worse Case-Scenarios

Much of my work in Stress management work in NYC involves corporate chair massage, also known as onsite massage of seated massage.

Many companies create holistic and wellness fairs to educate their employees and give them more skills for effective decision making. Any type of mobile massage can provide that positive edge that increases productivity and reduces absenteeism because physical health influences mental clarity and corporate chair massage is an effective approach to ending the spiral of stress  though merging the mind and body.

 

 

This work is especially useful for those dealing with worse-case scenarios.

A worst-case scenario is a concept in risk management wherein the planner, in planning for potential disasters, considers the most severe possible outcome that can reasonably be projected to occur in a given situation. Conceiving of worst-case scenarios is a common form of strategic planning, specifically scenario planning, to prepare for and minimize contingencies that could result in accidentsquality problems, or other issues.

The worst-case scenario is “one of the most commonly used alternative scenarios”. A risk manager may request “a conservative risk estimate representing a worst-case scenario” in order to determine the latitude they may exercise in planning steps to reduce risks. Generally, a worst-case scenario “is settled upon by agreeing that a given worst case is bad enough. However, it is important to recognize that no worst-case scenario is truly without potential nasty surprises”.  In other words, “[a] “worst-case scenario” is never the worst case”, both because situations may arise that no planner could reasonably foresee  and because a given worst-case scenario is likely to consider only contingencies expected to arise in connection with a particular disaster. The worst-case scenario devised by a seismologist might be a particularly bad earthquake, and the worst-case scenario devised by a meteorologist might be a particularly bad hurricane, but it is unlikely that either of them will devise a scenario where a particularly bad storm occurs at the same time as a particularly bad earthquake.

The definition of a worst-case scenario varies by the field to which it is being applied. For example, in environmental engineering“, “[a] worst-case scenario is defined as the release of the largest quantity of a regulated substance from a single vessel or process line failure that results in the greatest distance to an endpoint”. In this field, “[a]s in other fields, the worst-case scenario is a useful device when low probability events may result in a catastrophe that must be avoided even at great cost, but in most health risk assessments, a worst-case scenario is essentially a type of bounding estimate”. In computer science, the best, worst, and average case of a given algorithm express what the resource usage is at least, at most and on average, respectively. For many individuals, a worst case scenario is one that would result in their own death.

The story below is an example of a worst case scenario where clear thinking saved a life in a worst case scenario.

 

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-39646386

 

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This blog is an extract from one of my Lifehack and game thinking books.

 

Get 100s of Lifehack tips, shortcuts and strategies in my new Ebook.

http://www.realuguru.com/products/ebooks/how-to-hack-your-life-through-game-thinking/

 

The Softcover version is available at:

http://www.realuguru.com/products/printed-books/how-to-hack-your-life-through-game-thinking-softcover-edition/

 

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Lewis Harrison – The Lifehack Guru (also known as the RealUGuru), is a writer, mentor, success and wealth coach, content-rich, motivational speaker, and an entrepreneur specializing in problem solving, troubleshooting and strategizing  based on game thinking, applied game theory and Game Thinking.

He is the author of over twenty-two books published in five languages including

How to Hack Your Life Through Game Thinking

 

  

Don’t forget to tune to the “Life Hack Guru Radio Show every Thursday 4-6 PM EST  at WIOX 91.3 FM or on your smart device at WIOXRadio.org.

WIOX is a diverse station that broadcasts original programming including presentation from NPR, the BBC, Democracy Now etc.

If you are interested in business success in the 21st Century in the arts or in any other endeavor you need to read Lewis’ recently published business books.

You can find books on game theory, and business success here:

http://www.realuguru.com/products/printed-books/building-your-business-in-the-new-digital-reality/

http://www.realuguru.com/products/printed-books/gamification-for-business/

This course and all the offerings on www.RealUGuru.com  focus on the application of applied game thinking, gamification, decision science, positive psychology, happiness,  and visionary thinking to solve basic, complex and extreme problems. He is the creator of a free course on business success and human potential.

Here is a short interview with Lewis;

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zp4DtXpPBeM

 

Find new hacks daily the Lifehack Guru’s Blog at www.TheLifeHackGuru

 

If you own a company consider our stress management lifehacks.  Lewis Harrison’s company www.eventschairmassage.com offers Corporate chair massage to meeting planners, event planners, association meetings and trade shows. He also offers these stress management and onsite massage services in NYC, Los Angeles, Las Vegas, Chicago, Dallas, Greensboro, Columbus Ohio and many other cities across the United States through www.NoStressSpeaker.com.

 

Effective Lifehacking

If you are looking for shortcuts to getting things done, this is the blog for you!

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There is a saying that the truth you ignore will come back to bite you on the butt! As you address specific obstacles, bottlenecks or constraints, be prepared to subordinate any further steps you plan to take in your lifehacking process until the issue or any other bottleneck is resolved.

 

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Discovering obstacles, bottlenecks or constraints (OB and C) that are slowing down your lifehack is an important skill to develop. This basic skill can be developed through the use of what are called assessment tools. The most popular low tech approach to assessments is the questionnaire.  Questionnaires, can help you recognize your strengths and weaknesses as well as previously unknown and unrecognized “OB and Cs”. Once these have been isolated they can be eliminated or compensated for.  This will  result in a shifting of the bottleneck. Without the obstacle and the bottleneck to slow the process, the lifehack will be completed successfully.

In previous Hacks on bottlenecks, we learned that a lifehacker needs to understand cause and effect and have the ability to recognize and isolate an obstacle or bottleneck when it appears. There are five key steps for eliminating obstacles, bottlenecks or constraints. These are to:

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  • Identify the obstacles and bottleneck by evaluating all ELRs.
  • Identify obstacles, and constraint to increase efficiency.
  • Minimize all other resources that are connected to the obstacle and the bottleneck.
  • Expand the useful properties of the obstacle as a way of eliminating the bottleneck or at the very least increasing the capacity of the bottleneck.
  • Regularly repeat the process since a new obstacle may arise to create a new bottleneck that may require further action.

Through assessing, isolating and removing “OB and Cs” you are isolating the root factor for the problem.

 

 Lifehack!  In the end you will save, money, save time and create greater happiness.

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This was an extract from the book

“How to Hack Your Life Through Game Thinking” By Lewis Harrison. The book  contains  over 400 high and low-fi hacks.

– Available as an Ebook at RealUGuru.com

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Lewis Harrison – The Lifehack Guru, is a writer, mentor, success and wealth coach, content-rich, motivational speaker, and an entrepreneur specializing in problem solving, troubleshooting and strategizing  based on game thinking, applied game theory and systematic thrift.

He is the author of over twenty-two books published in five languages.

  

Don’t forget to tune to the “Life Hack Guru Radio Show every Thursday 4-6 PM EST  at WIOX 91.3 FM or on your smart device at WIOXRadio.org.

WIOX is a diverse station that broadcasts original programming including presentation from NPR, the BBC, Democracy Now etc.

If you are interested in business success in the 21st Century in the arts or in any other endeavor you need to read Lewis’ recently published business books contact him for personal coaching and mentoring. Learn more at:

Coaching and Studying with Lewis

You can find books on game theory, and business success here:

 

rug-logo

http://www.realuguru.com/products/printed-books/building-your-business-in-the-new-digital-reality/

http://www.realuguru.com/products/printed-books/gamification-for-business/

This course and all the offerings on www.RealUGuru.com  focus on the application of applied game thinking, gamification, decision science, positive psychology, happiness,  and visionary thinking to solve basic, complex and extreme problems. He is the creator of a free course on business success and human potential.

Here is a short interview with Lewis;facebook-959060__340

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zp4DtXpPBeM

 

 

Lewis offers corporation Anti-Stress hacks through his company www.eventschairmassage.com which offers Corporate chair massage to meeting planners, event planners, association meetings and trade shows. He also offers these stress management and onsite massage services in NYC, Los Angeles, Las Vegas, Chicago, Dallas, Greensboro, Columbus Ohio and many other cities across the United States through www.NoStressSpeaker.com.

Big Data, Game Theory and Lifehacking

In order to become a successful lifehacker you have to merge hack thinking with Applied Game Thinking.

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A lifehack is an old concept refitted with a new name – a strategy or technique adopted in order to manage one’s time and daily activities in a more efficient way. Essentially it is a merging of systematic thrift and frugality merged with time management and priority planning. Each hack is like a chess moves towards solving a problem.

 

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Applied Game Thinking, is a system of strategizing to maximize one’s potential at the lowest possible cost. These game strategies are often created as a response to a competitive situation where a “player” in the game of life is faced with complex challenges, problems, obstacles and constraints (CPOC) Applied Game Thinking is a strongly influenced and loosely applied take on Game Theory which has garnered researchers over a dozen Noble Prizes. When you are able to merge lifehacks with applied game thinking as a foundation you will be able to troubleshoot virtually any challenge.

   In the end you will save, money, save time and create greater happiness.

 

Here is a ”Big Data” Hack:

 

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The more effective you are at gathering information and trading it for non-cash resources like influence, or time,  the less cash you need to spend in order to get the things you need. The hack here is to create and apply a simple but effective system for gathering, organizing, and using information – essentially asking the right questions, of the right people at the right time!

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This was an extract from the book

“How to Hack Your Life Through Game Thinking” By Lewis Harrison. The book  contains  over 400 high and low-fi hacks.

– Available as an Ebook on February 7, 2017

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Ask Lewis

Lewis Harrison – The Lifehack Guru, is a writer, mentor, success and wealth coach, content-rich, motivational speaker, and an entrepreneur specializing in problem solving, troubleshooting and strategizing  based on game thinking, applied game theory and systematic thrift. He is the owner of the Stress mamangement and Chair massage company in NYC – www.eventschairmassage.com

He is the author of over twenty-two books published in five languages.

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Don’t forget to tune to the “Life Hack Guru Radio Show every Thursday 4-6 PM EST  at WIOX 91.3 FM or on your smart device at WIOXRadio.org.

WIOX is a diverse station that broadcasts original programming including presentation from NPR, the BBC, Democracy Now etc.

If you are interested in business success in the 21st Century in the arts or in any other endeavor you need to read Lewis’ recently published business books contact him for personal coaching and mentoring. Learn more at:

Coaching and Studying with Lewis

You can find books on game theory, and business success here:

http://www.realuguru.com/products/printed-books/building-your-business-in-the-new-digital-reality/

http://www.realuguru.com/products/printed-books/gamification-for-business/

This course and all the offerings on www.RealUGuru.com  focus on the application of applied game thinking, gamification, decision science, positive psychology, happiness,  and visionary thinking to solve basic, complex and extreme problems. He is the creator of a free course on business success and human potential.

Here is a short interview with Lewis;

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zp4DtXpPBeM

 

Investing and Game Theory

Question: What is the best way to start investing using Game Theory if you have limited financial resources?

Lewis Harrison answers:  As in any other domain using game theory to invest involves knowing how to strategize. Game theory is “the study of mathematical models of conflict and cooperation between intelligent rational decision-makers.” Game theory is mainly used in economics, investing, political science, and psychology, as well as logic, computer science, biology and poker.

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Let’s begin by exploring what it means to be an investor. To invest is to allocate money (or sometimes another resource, such as time, space, information or influence) in the expectation of some benefit in the future. In finance, the expected future benefit from investment is called a return (to investment). The return may consist of capital gain and/or investment income, including dividends,  interest, rental income etc. The economic return to an investment is the appropriately discounted value of the future returns to the investment.

Investment generally results in acquiring an asset, also called an investment. If the asset is available at a price worth investing, it is normally expected either to generate income, or to appreciate in value, so that it can be sold at a higher price (or both).

Investors generally expect higher returns from riskier investments. Financial assets range from low-risk, low-return investments, such as high-grade government bonds, to those with higher risk and higher expected commensurate reward, such as emerging markets stock investments.

Investors, particularly novices, are often advised to adopt an investment strategy and diversify their portfolio.

Diversification has the statistical effect of reducing overall risk.

To be an effective investor there are three elements that one must master:

  1. Knowing how to connect the dots accurately: We live in an interdisciplinary world. And the factors that make something a good or bad investment are complex. If you are well read in a wide range of areas you will come up with a more expansive understanding of these factors and ask a wider set of questions. This will lead to better choices as well as solutions to investment problems.
  2. Information and Influence: If your financial resources are limited you can leverage qualities like time, space and information to get you access to game changers, influencers and other “power-players.” The key element in this is getting information and merging it with clear critical thinking skills. You need to be reading the daily newspaper including specific columns. I follow the BBC, Al Jazeera, CNN, Fox News, the NY Times, the Washington Post, and most of all the Economist. I also follow various news feeds such as Quartz and Digg.
  3. Break out of you own Cognitive Biases. Acognitive bias is a mistake in reasoning, evaluating, remembering, or other cognitive process, often occurring as a result of holding onto one’s preferences and beliefs regardless of contrary information. Cognitive biases will effect investment decisions because they relate to memory, reasoning, and decision-making. The more informed you are and the more you network among those with similar beliefs and interests the more cognitive bias is likely to influence your thinking. This means that in order to be an effective investor you must break out of the box and step out of the bubble into new ways of seeing the investing market-place.

 

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Learn more at RealUGuru.com

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Lewis Harrison is a writer, content-rich, motivational speaker, and an entrepreneur specializing in game based thinking, applied game theory and Game Thinking.

Known as the RealUGuru. He is the author of over twenty-two books published in five languages.  Including the business book.

 

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http://www.realuguru.com/products/printed-books/building-your-business-in-the-new-digital-reality/

 

 

 

In addition Lewis is a  seminar leader, futurist, NPR affiliated radio talk show (WIOXRadio.org) host, success and life coach and a best-selling author.

He is the creator of a web site – www.RealUGuru.com  that focuses on the application of gamification, decision science, positive psychology, happiness,  and visionary thinking to solve basic, complex and extreme problems. He is the creator of a free course on business success and human potential.

Here is a short interview with Lewis;

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zp4DtXpPBeM

His company www.eventschairmassage.com offers Corporate chair massage to meeting planners, event planners, association meetings and trade shows. He also offers these stress management and onsite massage services in NYC, Los Angeles, Las Vegas, Chicago, Dallas, Greensboro, Columbus Ohio and many other cities across the United States through www.NoStressSpeaker.com.

 

 

Zen, Business Success and Stress Management

 Zen is a practice that deals with the concept of deep awareness and wisdom  through intuition during meditation, and the application of all this in daily life including in business success

Zen defies definition. It is a philosophy of non-philosophy, an intellectually guided practice of anti-intellectualism, and the un-measurable science of non-being. The practice of Zen is the pursuit of various techniques, chiefly Zazen meditation and the study of kōan, which are designed to confound the logical, rational mind in order to trigger or shock the mind into experiencing states of enlightened awareness.

 

It is rooted in the most profound elements of intuition and life itself, and the facts of unfettered experience. It transcends the dogmas of traditional religious rites and rituals and focuses on cutting through the veil of the unfocused mind to the core, inherent nature of man.

 

Many Westerners are confused by Zen for they assume it is a religion but this is not so. According to the greatly respected Zen Master D.T. Suzuki “It is not a religion in the sense that the term is popularly understood; for Zen has no God to worship, no ceremonial rites to observe, no future abode to which the dead are destined, and, last of all, Zen has no soul whose welfare is to be looked after by somebody else…

 

The attraction of Zen to the spiritual seeker is because it is chiefly concerned with the concept of ‘being’. In the West “Being” has usually been the concern of science, mathematics, and  defining and measuring the tangible world around us in order to create a universal model of reality.  Zen is born out the eastern idea of ‘non- being’, which is best understood as the negation of absolute definitions, and eschews attachment to the world of measurement and form in favor of a practice of non-attachment. It is a pure experience of the world than is expressed often through different systems of philosophy, ethics and esthetics in the eastern world.

 

We were recently offering a seminar on stress management at the Catskills Bed and Breakfast  – www.TheCatskillsbedandBreakfast.com – in Stamford NY. During the breakout sessions we offered stress management seminars that including creative visualization, spirituality in business and onsite chair massage

The question came up. What is Zen?

There is no simple answer to what Zen is? What is known is that its practice leads to a state of knowing that is authentic, unfettered, and expresses one’s actualization. In this state of awareness one has less stress, less anxiety, less greed, and less concern for the mistakes of the past or expectations for the future.

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Click below to observe a nine minute video interview Lewis  did with the Award winning journalist Phyllis Haynes on why  people suffer:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zp4DtXpPBeM

 

 

Lewis Harrison is the author of sixteen books including

 

Ask Lewis

“Spiritual, Not Religious: Sacred Tools for Modern Times” a book of  concerned with personal development, human potential, stress reduction and business excellence.

 

 

 

 

Order his book by clicking below:

http://www.amazon.com/Spiritual-Not-Religious-Sacred-AskLewis-com/dp/1499150547

 

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Or type these words on you search engine subject line “spiritual not religious Harrison amazon”

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You can reach him at LewisCoaches@gmail.com

Lewis offers stress management programs throughout the United  States. Part of this company is  his corporate chair massage company, eventschairmassage.com provides seated and chair massage for stress management seminars and trainings as well to special events for  meeting planners and meeting professionals in New York City, New Jersey Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Cleveland, Greensboro NC, Florida and other major meeting and conventions venues.

 

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If you are a social networker please “Friend” me, Lewis Harrison on face book “Like”  my page at “https://www.facebook.com/AskLewis/” and invite others who might benefit.

 

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Lewis Harrison speaks to organizations and businesses of all types and offers seminars throughout the world on his work on the art and science of decision making through spiritually motivated  “Game Based Thinking”

 

He also offers private fee based coaching programs. 

Call him at 212-724-8782 for more information.

 

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Q & A on Synergy, Christopher Alexander’s Pattern Language and Problem Solving

Foundational principle of this Conversation: To explore how the recognition of subtle patterns can help one to solve complex problems.

Pattern: A pattern is a type of theme of recurring events or objects, sometimes referred to as elements of a set of objects. The elements of a pattern repeat in a predictable manner. Patterns can be based on a template or model which generates pattern elements,

Pattern language: a term coined by architect Christopher Alexander, is a structured method of describing good design practices within a field of expertise. .

Q. Is all synergy positive?

LEWIS: Usually is but there might be times where two different groups come together and create a new factor that is detrimental to both.

Q. And where does pattern language fit in here?

LEWIS: When a person reverses a synergistic process they actually observe what might be called “a process of decomposition.”  Alexander generally speaks of designers but that term can be applied to anyone creating or “designing” a system with many components. What happens is that a creator of systems, often a designer observes a problem, selects a solution, then discovers new, smaller problems resulting from the larger solution. Occasionally, the smaller problems have no solution, and a different larger solution must be selected by recognizing a pattern that leads to the solution.. Eventually all of the remaining design problems are small enough or routine enough to be solved by improvisation by the builders as they clearly understand the pattern involved. Now the “design” is done – the system is created.

Q. Is there some formal way that these problems are solved?

LEWIS: The actual organizational structure is left to the discretion of the designer, depending on the problem. This explicitly allows a designer/problem solver to explore patterns, starting from some small part. When this happens, it’s common for a designer to realize that the problem is actually part of a larger solution. At this point, the design almost always becomes a better design.

Q. I imagine this can get complex?

LEWIS: It can but then again this is an approach specifically applicable to solving complex problems. When one recognizes a pattern they will likely notice ways in which that each pattern has relationships to other patterns and to the language as a whole. This gives the designer using the language a great deal of guidance about the related problems that must be solved.

Q. Are there experts in using pattern language to solve problems?

LEWIS: Yes. It is usually for a pattern language expert to come n as an outsider and solve a problem using this approach. This is because this outside expert must get a reliable, complete list of the problems to be solved and it is the people most familiar with the problems that need understand the pattern.

Q. How would this obstacle be addressed?

LEWIS:  Alexander recommended organizing a group of concerned, empowered users to improvise in creating workable large-scale initial solutions, maximizing the utility of a design, and minimizing the design and systems rework.

 

Q. Apply pattern language to how you use applied game theory in problem solving?

LEWIS: An important aspect of design patterns is to identify and document the key ideas that make any good system different from any poor system and to assist in the design of future systems. The ideas expressed in a pattern need not be specific to architecture, computer programs, or anything else. Any pattern language should be general enough to be applied in very different systems within its context, but still specific enough to give constructive guidance.

 

Q. Is there a general term applied to the wide range of situations in which the problems and solutions addressed in a pattern apply?

LEWIS: It is called a context.  An important part in each pattern is to describe this context. One can then offer examples to further illustrate how the pattern applies to very different situation.

 

Q. So every problem has a pattern?

LEWIS: Yes. If you can even recognize and define that there is a problem then you are recognizing some pattern. Many of these problems are highly complex and the problems and solutions described in a pattern can vary in their level of abstraction and yet even a very abstract pattern will usually contain examples that are, by nature, absolutely concrete and specific.

Q. In LHAGT we are concerned with real world problems as opposed to theoretical problems. There are many theoretical problems that architects, statisticians, and physicists deal with that may not have real world applications, Here patterns can vary in how far they are proven in the real world. Christopher Alexander addresses this by giving each pattern a rating by zero, one or two stars, indicating how well they are proven in real-world examples.

 

Q. Is this work all theoretical?

LEWIS: Many experts in problem solving and decision science believe that all patterns need at least some existing real-world example. However the logician-mathematician addressed this idea philosophically in his Incompleteness Theorum and from this perspective It is conceivable to document yet unimplemented ideas in a pattern-like format.

 

The patterns in Alexander’s books focus primarily on how to build a town or neighborhood as well as the design of individual buildings and the interior of rooms. Even so his ideas to general problem solving are invaluable because he sees the low-scale artifacts as constructive elements of the large-scale world, so they can be connected to a hierarchal network, These are models that help the problem solver to reproduce the unique properties of specific patterns.

 

Q. Please explain some of the factors than enable a creative intuitive thinker to see patterns that may not be obvious to a purely logical thinker?

LEWIS: A pattern must characterize the problems that it is meant to solve, the context or situation where these problems arise, and the conditions under which the proposed solutions can be recommended.

 

Q. This seems basic. Why wouldn’t a logical thinker, especially a mathematician recognize this?

LEWIS: Often unique problems arise from a conflict of different interests or “forces”. A non-linear pattern might emerge as a dialogue between thinkers that will then help to balance these conflicting  forces, and finally allow them to make  a decision.

 

Here is an example based on what Alexander has written.  Imagine a pattern suggesting what we now call a  “wireless smart telephone”  at a time when wireless phones had not yet been invented.. The different forces involved would be the need to communicate, while also needing to get other things done at the same time such as cooking, walking down the street, and the ability to find a good Tex-Mex restaurant in Alaska. A very specific pattern would be just “WIRELESS TELEPHONE”. More general patterns would be “WIRELESS DEVICE” or “SECONDARY ACTIVITY”, suggesting that a secondary activity (such as talking on the phone, or researching restaurants in Alaska) should not interfere with other activities.

Though unspecific to the point that a mathematician would have a hard time grouping all the variables involved in its context, the forces in the “SECONDARY ACTIVITY” pattern are very similar to those in “WIRELESS TELEPHONE”. Thus, the competing forces can be seen as part of the essence of a design concept expressed in a pattern.

 

Q. Why is it so difficult for a mathematician or an expert in logical thought to recognize a pattern?

LEWIS: Traditional mathematics is logically driven. Pattern language is not.  Pattern usually contains a rationale referring to some given values which are not absolute but which are actually defined by those individuals who are receiving the value. One might say that the content for the individual define the pattern in a particular form. It might be giving a person a great sense of love or freedom.  Christopher Alexander calls it the “quality without a name” (QWAN). This idea also reflects in certain trends of thought that might be associated with Taoism, Zen and mystic trends in other religious faiths. The best patterns and systems enrich daily life. It is the extraordinary person (see glossary) who is most likely to understand the subtleties in pattern language.

In traditional, ordinary ways of thinking the quality of a system is defined by how efficiently and effectively the system works. With pattern language the quality of any system: whether technical devices such as telephones or computers cars, to social networks, or physical teams interacting to complete a project social structures like a team working on a project, can be rated more easily. In some situations the defining factor will often be whether users spend their time enjoying or struggling with the system while in other situations the key will be to create design patterns help to create an object-oriented code that is easy to read, maintain, modify and reuse.

In this way pattern language creates a value defined in part on how it impacts on human life. From this perspective one can identify patterns that are distinct from the mapping of patterns associated with changing technology. Alexander says that having this distinction allows us to find a “timeless quality” (Alexander).

 

 

Q.Is there some connection between all patterns?

LEWIS: There are different theories on this. A pattern language, as described by Alexander, contains links from one pattern to another.

 

Q. How would this effect the ability of a group or individual to solve a problem?

LEWIS: When trying to apply one pattern in a project, a designer is directed organically to other patterns that might be helpful in its context.

According to Alexander, such links are collected in the “references” part, and echoed in the linked pattern’s “context” part – thus the overall structure is a directed graph. A pattern that is linked to in the “references” usually addresses a problem of lower scale that seems to be part of the higher-scale problem. For instance, a “Kitchen Design” might have a category for “countertop, “Utensils” “Oven” etc.

Even without the pattern description, these links, along with a “specialized  language”, what Alexander calls “meaningful names”, tell a story message: When building a place inside where food will be stored and prepared  (A Kitchen) consider to include places to store food, prepare food, utensils for the preparation and a place to cook it.

 

Alexander argues that the connections in the network, the lower scale problems, can be considered even more meaningful than the text of the patterns themselves. In other words with certain types of problems the elements in the parts are of greater importance than the sum of the parts. One might call this “reverse synergy”.

 

Q. Speak more about the patterns in pattern language and links in the solving of extreme problems?

LEWIS:  In many extreme problems the ideas of links and hierarchic networks are important, and generally accepted among experts on the subject. That being said there are some experts who are working with unique problems in design where hierarchic networks would not come into play. Situations where patterns exist but links have not been established are often known as a pattern language.

 

Q. Is there some master code of all know patterns?

LEWIS: No. Just as new dialects and new words enter an existing language so do we find that existing pattern language is constantly expanding as individuals recognize patterns in their own unique challenges.

 

Q. In LHAGT you have spoken about the importance of self assessment in creating solutions to problems and preventing future problems. Can Pattern language be used as a tool for self assessment?

LEWIS: Yes. It can also be used as a general assessment tool. Alexander’s methods have been used to define expertise in many specialized fields. Expertise can be defined in many ways but one way is by determining whether an individual has the ability to recognize patterns in, let’s say architecture, education and even computer-human interaction. This is especially valuable in LHAGT theory because so much of what we are exploring here involves multi-disciplinary thinking.

 

Q. How important is Pattern language in the application of LHAGT and solving complex and extreme problems?

LEWIS:  Very. In LHAGT we often deal with Pedagogical Patterns, high-level patterns of teaching and group interaction. The core of Applied Game Theory to recognize, maximize, and actualize the potential in any system at the lowest possible cost.  To do this requires a profound understanding of available information, the unique learning, communication and interactive styles of the individuals within a group and the most effective means of presenting this information in a coherent and accessible form.

 

Q. Speak further about pattern language in a teaching-learning-group environment.

LEWIS:  I have integrated the ideas of two approaches to pattern language in learning environments. One is the theories on Multiple Intelligence created by Henry Gardiner and the other Mitchell Weisburgh’s work on Pedagogical Patterns. Weisburgh proposes nine aspects to documenting a pattern for a certain skill. Not every pattern needs to include all nine. His listing is reproduced below:

  • Name – single word or short phrase that refers to the pattern. This allows for rapid association and retrieval.
  • Problem – definition of a problem, including its intent or a desired outcome, and symptoms that would indicate that this problem exists.
  • Context – preconditions which must exist in order for that problem to occur; this is often a situation. When forces conflict, the resolutions of those conflicts is often implied by the context.
  • Forces – description of forces or constraints and how they interact. Some of the forces may be contradictory. For example: being thorough often conflicts with time or money constraints.
  • Solution – instructions, possibly including variants. The solution may include pictures, diagrams, prose, or other media.
  • Examples – sample applications and solutions, analogies, visual examples, and known uses can be especially helpful, help user understand the context
  • Resulting Context – result after the pattern has been applied, including postconditions and side effects. It might also include new problems that might result from solving the original problem.
  • Rationale – the thought processes that would go into selecting this pattern, The rationale includes an explanation of why this pattern works, how forces and constraints are resolved to construct a desired outcome.
  • Related Patterns – differences and relationships with other patterns, possibly predecessor, antecedents, or alternatives that solve similar problems.[e

 

Q. How can I learn more about Christopher Alexander’s work?

LEWIS: He  has published prolifically and has expanded and updated his work through the years.

 

I recommend the following.

The book “Liberating Voices: A Pattern Language for Communication Revolution,” containing 136 patterns for using information and communication to promote sustainability, democracy and positive social change, was published in 2008.

 

A New Theory of Urban Design (1987) coincided with a renewal of interest in urbanism among architects, but stood apart from most other expressions of this by assuming a distinctly anti-masterplanning stance.

 

The Nature of Order: An Essay on the Art of Building and the Nature of the Universe (2003-4), which includes The Phenomenon of LifeThe Process of Creating LifeA Vision of a Living World and The Luminous Ground, is Alexander’s latest, and most comprehensive and elaborate work. In it, he puts forth a new theory about the nature of space and describes how this theory

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Lewis Harrison is a poet, author, teacher, speaker and life coach and the creator of www.AskLewis.com. He specializes in helping individuals and organizations solve basic and seemingly unsolvable problems through the application of principles and ideas drawn from Decision Science, Positive Psychology, Game Theory, Zen and from his personal life experiences.

 

To learn more about Lewis’ work go to “Ask.Lewis.com”

“Like” us on Face book at “facebook.com/AskLewis”

 

The Greatness of Nelson Mandela and Leadership

How does one define greatness?

Nelson Mandela’s death got me thinking about what makes a great leader? I am interested in exploring how genuine leadership can guide organizations towards greater individual and group effectiveness.

 

Let’s define leadership. I believe it is the application of leadership to a group of extraordinary individuals with a common vision or transcendent mission. A leader will be capable of inspiring others in the group to go beyond what might otherwise seem the norm.

 

Here is a short Q & A on leadership.

 

Doesn’t a successful organization expect its leader to have all the answers?

 

Nobody has all the answers, and this sort of expectation is one of the problems in ineffective hierarchies and toxic communities. In our culture, we want leaders to have all the answers, and we discredit them if they don’t. The media and partisan politics feed this attitude.

 

 

 

Can you explore various approaches to leadership, especially as applied to large organizations?

There are a many ways to define leadership; however, what most forms of leadership have in common is the centralizing of power in the hands of one individual or group of individuals. Thus, in order to understand leadership, one must understand power. To make this easier for you, I have provided a basic list of categories of power.

 

1. Charismatic Power: Based on a magnetic style or personality. To explore charismatic power and why it is so effective, see the Conversation on How RTPs Spread Through Society in the Level: Regenerative Thought Programs – RTPs.

 

2. Coercive Power: Based on the ability to make others accountable for their choices and actions.

 

3. Expert Power: Held by a person with a skill that is not only invaluable to the group but irreplaceable.

 

4. Information-based Power: Short-term power derived from a body of information that is essential to the group’s functioning within a particular area.

 

5. Legitimate Power: This is among the most rigid expressions of power. It is structured, hierarchical and is usually bestowed formally upon a person by others.

 

6. Reward Power: This type of power is directly connected to the concept of positive reinforcement. In this concept, an individual has the legitimate administrative power to offer rewards and incentives to others.

 

Leadership is essential in politics. What makes a person a poor political leader?

Some politicians, while seeming to care about others, are actually driven by hidden and often selfish agendas fueled by selective use of the media.

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Where do the concepts of altruism and reciprocal altruism fit into the various theories of leadership?

There is a leadership model known the “Managerial Grid” that presents five different leadership styles, based on the leaders’ concern for people and their desire to achieve certain goals. I will not discuss these here, but there is much information available.

 

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Lewis Harrison the creator of this blog is a radio talk show host, speaker, consultant, practical philosopher and Contemporary Spiritual Teacher. Lewis is a pioneer in the personal development movement The author of nine self help books on human potential he offers a monthly retreat/seminar “How to Solve Any Problem”.  He also and phone based coaching. He is creating a series of ebooks entitled “Ask Lewis…” which will be available on line.

This blog is explored more fully through Lewis E-book “A Primer To Lewis Harrison’s Applied Game Theory”. Lewis’ ebook “How to Predict the Future (Not!) ”,  is available as a $7.00 e-book. You can order it directly from Lewis by calling him at 212-724-8782.

Lewis owns a stress management consulting and corporate chair massage company www.eventschairmassage.com

Lewis offers phone-based and on-line life coaching services and a monthly workshop/Retreat – a simple program for decision making based on Game Theory, the idea expanded on by John Nash, the Nobel Prize winning subject of the biopick “A Beautiful Mind”.

Leadership Development

Many associations and corporations speak of leadership development but don’t know where to begin. We were recently offering a women’s leadership training, exploring leadership styles in organizations. It soon became clear that one of the most sophisticated skills one can have in Leadership is to recognize the distinction between just following the rules and addressing crises that transcend the rules.

 

Imagine a situation where an emergency that arises. Now an employee sees this happen and acts quickly, with good intentions and solves the problem. Now imagine that this company has a strict written policy that any problem must be reported to a manager immediately and as a result an employee is prohibited from taking action without the managers approval.

In such a situation corporate policy, no matter how well thought out, and good intentioned cannot address this obvious dilemma

All this presents an interesting question. Should the good Samaritan employee be fired for violating the rules or be rewarded for preventing a catastrophe?

The answer is not as easy or as obvious as you might think. Do to social networking it is not the company that decides what to do in the end. It is the large net community that forces the decision. In many cases an individual has been terminated for violating a corporate policy, for the most part an effective and appropriate policy and yet once the story went viral the company had to “spin” the intrepatation of the rule and backtrack on its decision to fire the worker.

There is a lesson I learned during my shamanic apprenticeship back in the 1970s. My teacher said “If you create too many rigid rules, there is a tipping point where you must violate the rules just to function effectively.”

In many situations “personal interpretation” by a manager or team leader will determine what is to happen.  This a real problem. Is the rule to be obeyed strictly so everyone can claim “I only followed orders” no matter how negative the consequences may be? Or does the leader violate the code and suffer the possible consequences for doing so?  Large organizations may have standardized policies but often have little control over how those polices are carried out.

There is no magic formula here. Only a happy ending where happy endings are needed.

Life is not black and white. It is more like 5 billion shades of gray.

In the game of life there will always be rules of play, codes for appropriate behavior and laws that present accountability when violated

Most corporate policies and laws when most effectively thought out, and applied appropriately, limit uncivil behavior such as shouting, shoving, and violence.

But the perfection of an imperfect world guarantees that events will arise that corporate meeting, notices sent from the corporate office, inspections, rules, codes and laws cannot address.

What is the lesson here? My take on it is that rules need not be written in stone and those that interpret them need to be part lawyer, part judge,  wise sage, a well tuned corporate player, a great leader, a humanitarian, and in possession of common sense and street smarts.

If the leadership of an organization is given a bit of an entrepreneurial streak within the corporate culture you will have people in leadership from top to bottom that is capable now and then of going “going out of the box” here and there as needed. All the staff meetings in the world will not create this sense of wisdom. This is a solution to the dilemma of companies that claim to support managers in making wise decision and them having rules and codes and rules that are so rigid that they are unable to do so.

It is all walking the fine line here, creating and supporting leaders and managers who do things like this, but not encouraging them to do it at the same time.

 

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Lewis Harrison is a former association executive and an expert on leadership and stress management. He is a radio talk show host, speaker, consultant, practical philosopher.

 

Lewis is a pioneer in the personal development movement.  The author of nine self help books on human potential he offers a monthly retreat/seminar “How to Solve Any Problem”.  He also and phone based coaching.

He owns a corporate chair massage and stress management consulting company that offer chair massage in New York City (Chair Massage NYC) . Their website is www.eventschairmassage.com

 

The subject of this  blog is explored more fully through Lewis E-book “A Primer To Lewis Harrison’s Applied Game Theory”.  Lewis’  book  “The Art of Leadership”, is available as a $7.00 e-book. You can order it directly from Lewis by calling him at 212-724-8782.

 

Lewis offers phone-based and on-line life coaching services and a monthly workshop/Retreat – a simple program for decision making based on Game Theory, the idea expanded on by John Nash, the Nobel Prize winning subject of the biopick “A Beautiful Mind”.

What Does “Scientific” Mean?

I’m always hearing people use the word “Science” in ways that are not accurate. The social sciences, the esoteric sciences, science fiction etc. Clearly science education is not doing it’s job when so many people do not know what science.

 

I wanted to use this blog to clarify what the word “science” actually means as in “biotech and science”. For instance when you are exploring or searching for science technology news you don’t want information that is not based on solid science.

 

The word, “Science”, refers to a system of gathering knowledge (research) so specific, that one can correctly predict a reliable outcome consistently. It is through this definition that the outcomes of research form a scientific body of knowledge.

 

On the Wisdom path it is important to recognize the value of logical scientific thought while appreciating its limitations. Many respected thinkers and spiritual materialists use the term “science” loosely, especially in attempts to merge mysticism with quantum physics but these ideas are not in alignment with the classical definition of science. Let’s explore how the term “science” is often used.

 

  1. Natural Sciences.  These are organized categories of information that involve the study of the laws of the physical world.  Examples include physics, and chemistry.
  2. Formal Sciences.  Formal science uses words and terms with very specific definitions and combines them with deductive reasoning for creating a system by which some well-formed specific formulas, rules, and codes can be derived from others that are more general.  Within the category are mathematics, logic, statistics, and theoretical computer science.  The importance of this approach is that it sets a pattern for definition and frees us from the need to examine every computer to see how it works.
  3. Social Sciences.  The term “social science,” is an umbrella term for many different systems of organized knowledge and information.  The value here is that one can explore aspects of human society in ways that cannot be easily explained mathematically.  Among familiar social sciences are; anthropology, psychology, economics, and history.
  4. Pseudo-Science – Anything defined as scientific that does not match the specific definition of what science is.

 

Interestingly many of the formal sciences lack any real-world experimentation to support their conclusions. On the Wisdom Path, science becomes a tool for understanding and applying information. Science is not “truth.”  It is just a reliance on apparent physical evidence, rather than a reliance on faith, hearsay, or superstition.

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Lewis Harrison – Professional Problem Solver

Mentor, Success Coach, Futurist

Lewis Harrison

Author “Healing Depression Naturally”

A comprehensive manual on massage, stress management and on the proper diagnosis and Non drug treatment of depression

Available as an ebook Through Amazon Kindle

He is the owner of www.EventsChairMassage.com

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Life is About Change

 

This Blog explores applied game theory, life strategies, personal development and self help how change and the resistance to change affects our lives?

Definition: Change – A shift in a recognizable pattern or habit.

STUDENT: Speak further about change.
LEWIS: We all know that life is all about change.  In the creation of a life filled with love, freedom and wealth the ability to respond effectively to and influence what changes around is essential. It doesn’t really matter why or how people change. It only matters that they do. Even if people could somehow refuse to change, everything and everyone else around them would still change.

STUDENT: And yet people do not change easily?
LEWIS: No, they don’t. People like habit and they will stick to what they know unless they are in such discomfort that they must change or experience the pain of remaining where they are.

STUDENT: Pain? Speak more about pain and change.
LEWIS: Dr. Dennis Waitley, a well known writer and speaker in the motivational field has gone  on record as  saying, “When I  experience  pain I  know  it  simply  as  a  signal for change.  It tells me that I need to change either the way I do things or the way I look at things.

STUDENT: Is there a system for measuring change?

LEWIS: Substantial change seldom happens instantaneously. It happens in stages. The rate and manner in which people change will vary based on many factors including beliefs, culture, gender, and personal history. Throughout the change process, relapses can and often will occur. This should not be a point of concern. Relapse is a normal process and a constant possibility in one’s attempt to change behaviors. Mathematicians use  calculus  as  a  tool  for  studying  complex  changes.  A master influencer will use different persuasion techniques depending upon what stage of change the receiver is  in  and  whether or not they are in relapse. (See the Conversation on Mastering the Art and Science of Influence.)

STUDENT: So there is a system of influence based on the point of change that an individual is in?

LEWIS: Yes. One of the most effective approaches is known as The Transtheoretical  Model  of  Influence. This approach works on  the  concept  that since influence creates change, it is best applied in situations where change is the prime focus. Those  who  use this model believe that there are five  essential stages of change. Since people are always changing it  seems  natural that an individual who understands these five essential stages can effectively apply influence.

STUDENT: What are these five stages of change?
LEWIS: The Five Stages of Change as defined by the Transtheoretical Model of Influence are:
• Pre-contemplation – This  is  a  state  of benign ignorance. Highly heuristic in nature, individuals in pre-contemplation mode will generally not even think about a situation more than they have to. In this stage, an individual is not even conscious of change. The status  quo  rules. There is no thought of risk, or of internal or external influences. Things just are as they are. There are no thoughts about consequences. There is a faith that all that has worked  before  will  continue to work as it has before. There are some individuals in a state of pre-contemplation, though a minority who know that a particular behavior is not in their best interest, but see no reason to change it. Most of us are in a  state of pre-contemplation a  good part of the time.
• Contemplation – In this stage, individuals recognize that there is a consequence for  their behavior and have  even  considered  changing. They may even have explored a solution to the problem at hand – Googled it, talked to some friends about it, took notes on it while hearing about it on TV, the radio, or the news. It is a major thought, rather than a passing thought, however it is still merely a thought rather than a commitment. These are the folks who talk about writing a book some day or quitting smoking. They are interested, involved, and even excited. Yet they are still spectators to the game at hand, not yet participants.
• Preparation – In this stage, individuals decide to change risky or unproductive behavior. In the process of this preparation, they are exploring what the best course of action will be. In essence, “What will make the cost too high to choose one path over another?” When the preparation stage is complete, it is time to act.
• Action – The change has taken place recently, maybe in the last six months. There is no way as of yet to determine whether it will be long-term or short-term change but the change is a reality. It is a one-day-at-a-time kind of thing but you are definitely on your way.
• Maintenance – Interestingly, maintenance can become as heuristic a mode as pre-contemplation. This is because once you have repeated a behavior over and over it becomes comfortable and consistent. You do it without thinking or planning. There is no discipline required. It is automatic! The change has lasted long enough, and patterns have been established to indicate that the change will be maintained.  In such a case, there is usually an attitude change and the changed individual can even articulate what motivated the change and what it is that he or she did to make it last.

The Transtheoretical Model of Influence provides a simple, easy to understand and apply approach to influence and persuasion. By understanding the five stages of change and applying the appropriate influence models they are assured of success.

STUDENT: Is the Transtheoretical Model of Influence easy to apply in everyday situations?

LEWIS:  It requires specific skills. Particularly keeping in mind that it is essential that you assess what stage the receiver is at and make the appropriate tactic for influence to fit  the stage of change. Why approach a person in pre-contemplation with an influence model that is most appropriate for a person in the action stage? It just won’t work. In fact, there is a good chance that the receiver won’t even recognize that you’re attempting to influence them.

STUDENT: Are you saying that if you apply the wrong form of influence for a specific stage of change, that which you are doing will not even show up on the receiver’s mental radar?

LEWIS: That is correct. You must consciously define what stage the receiver is at then assess whether he is in a heuristic or systematic mode, and then use an influence tool that fits the stage and the mode. This cannot be done too quickly either. If you are in a hurry or impatient, the Transtheoretical Model will not serve you well. You must move stage by stage, systematically, shifting your influence models as the receiver moves from one stage of change to the next.

STUDENT: This seems like a lot of work. There must be an easier way?
LEWIS: There are  many  easier  ways but not if you wish to have longstanding influence. If you are effectively able to influence the receiver at each stage, you are building a foundation of influence as well as a bridge to the next stage.

STUDENT: So you start at stage one and influence step by step?

LEWIS:  No. Keep in mind that when you first attempt to influence the receiver, he or she may already be in stage two, three, or four. You must be skilled enough to determine this before you engage the receiver in the influence process.

STUDENT: Can influence be used to help a sick person heal from a physical or emotional illness?

LEWIS:  Yes. There are many different types of influence-based health professionals. Psychotherapists and counselors including psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, and specially trained therapists such as family therapists, pastoralcounselors, behavioral therapists, gestalt therapists and body/mind therapists (those that integrate hands on healing with counseling).
STUDENT: Is there an ethical problem with a therapist or health professional using these manipulation techniques to influence a client or patient?

LEWIS: NO. All  therapy  and  counseling  techniques  and  systems  involve suggestibility as part of the process. Psychotherapy  and  mental health counseling  come  in  many forms  including  Freudian  and Jungian Psychoanalysis, Gestalt and Rational Emotive Therapy, Ericksonian Hypnosis (and its offshoot, Neuro-Linguistic programming), Inner Child work, Family Therapy, and  many  others.  If there  were no influence involved then the work would have little or no value. It is the influence that makes it so valuable. Some health professionals are in the business of influencing their  clients  to  be  more responsible  and accountable for their actions and behaviors. A skilled therapist should have background in  the  study of human development  and  personality;  interpersonal issues, marriage, family  and group/ community dynamics;  cultural systems;  research methods;  and supervised  field experience.   Many  of   these approaches  focus on  reversing  common  self-defeating  behavior  and  negative thinking. All of this is applied influence in one form or another.


STUDENT:
 There is so much to master here. Where does one begin? Where is the manual that will teach me everything I need to know about influence?

LEWIS: There is  no  manual  that  will  ever  be  accurately  called  “The Definitive Book  on  the Art and Science of Influence.” We have just too much new research and too  many  revolutionary  approaches arriving on the scene. However, I know if a serious student studies, researches, practices and repeatedly puts the principles into practice with positive intentions and ethical applications, he or she will immediately notice a shift in his/her own quality of life. These students will see the world through new  eyes. It will happen quickly and seem much as it must have seemed to Moses when the Red Sea parted in response to his command.

STUDENT: Can you discuss the relationship between instinct and the choices we make?
LEWIS: Yes. In the end, both the influencer and receiver benefit from the process because when applied effectively and proactively, influence  makes the world a better place to live in.

STUDENT: Can you discuss the relationship between instinct and the choices we make?
LEWIS: Human beings, more than any other living creature have a wide range of  choices  available  to them. One of these choices is to respond to our genetic and biological inclinations. Another is  to  make short-term journeys into the domain of desire and short-term gratification, even if to d o  so  is  to  rebel,  even slightly against our genetic predispositions.  Do we repress, suppress, or transcend our instinctual urges, or do we act on these urges? And then the question arises, “Can we learn to leverage  one  urge (the urge to compete for instance) against another  (the urge for sex)?

STUDENT: So in essence all humans possess the ability to make choices in opposition to instinctual urges when they wish to?
LEWIS: Yes

STUDENT: It must be difficult if not impossible to make a choice that goes against one’s genetics?
LEWIS: It is difficult. There is always the question of what is one to do if one has a genetic disposition towards a pattern or behavior. Is it best to act on it or if it appears to have negative consequences, to avoid it?
STUDENT: Should a person with alcoholic tendencies simply avoid imbibing in the beverage or should he say,  “This is me, it feels nice, and I’m going to do it in spite of my genetics or rather because of my genetics.”?
LEWIS: As I have said  often throughout the Harrison mentoring process, “I am not going to tell someone how to live his or her life.” The fact is that the choices we make, whatever the source or influence, affects our health and viability as an individual.

To see photos of beautiful architecture that has been abandoned: http://www.boredpanda.com/abandoned-places/

 

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Lewis Harrison, the author of this blog is a speaker, consultant, and Contemporary Spiritual Teacher. He is a pioneer in the personal development movement The author of nine self help books on human potential he offers seminar, workshops, retreats and phone based coaching. He is creating a series of ebooks entitled “Ask Lewis…” which will be available on line

 

 

Lewis offers phone-based and on-line life coaching services and created the course on Life Strategies www.How ToSolveAny Problem.com – a simple system for decision making based on Game Theory, the idea expanded on by John Nash, the Nobel prize winning subject of the biopick “A Beautiful Mind”.

 

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