Cause and Effect, Karma, The Butterfly Effect and Tipping Points

I received an interesting article on cause and effect today from a friend.

Critical mass

This is not a superficial subject of inquiry. I use many elements concerning cause and effect in my mentoring, speaking and teaching on game Based Thinking.

The article discussed many ideas related to cause and effect. It started with the idea of karma and moved on the quantum physics and many other ideas.

Karma essentially means that all of your actions will have equal repercussions that affect you. The basic theory is that the universe runs according to certain laws, and one of these laws is ’cause and effect.’ The laws (known as Dharma in Buddhism) decide what affect is received from a given cause. Karma is the ’cause’ part of this theory. In other words, your actions – mental, vocal and physical are your Karma (plural).  In essence, you do are rewarded or punished for what you have done. You simply receive the effect of it. There are many theories and approaches to understanding karma and your belief in one over another of these theories doesn’t mean it is true. The fact that you believe that selfless service will help ‘improve’ your Karma doesn’t mean that it will, and the belief that all of your actions will have equal repercussions affecting you may not be true either.

It seems that many who see themselves as spiritual seekers of one type or another can’t shake this need to believe in Karma. Unfortunately, it is our own mental constructs that convince us that we can observe any aspect of life and accurately distinguish between associated events and cycles of cause and effect. From a short-term perspective, we can look at our own lives and create a narrative that says, “We are affected by reactions to past actions we have taken.”  Of course, in the larger scheme of things, life is much more chaotic and messy than you would think, and even though the universe is a dance of action and reaction, there are too many other things going on that you can neither see, nor even measure.

 

In my mind and experience there is always cause and effect. Of course it is not always linear or domino like. In quantum thinking the place to begin that exploration is with Christopher Alexander and his concepts on Pattern Language (You can wiki either or both).

 

When connecting all of this to brain hemisphere integration (Right Brain/Left Brain Thinking)  the expert is the neuroscientist Julie Bolte Taylor. She had a stroke and kept notes on what was happening as the stroke unfolded. Really wild stuff!

Brain

Here is information on her work including a TED talk.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jill_Bolte_Taylor

https://www.ted.com/speakers/jill_bolte_taylor

When exploring cause and effect in game based thinking the places I explore are not only black swan but also critical mass theory and butterfly effect

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Critical_mass_(sociodynamics)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Butterfly_effect

This is all exciting stuff for the visionary digital thinker.

 

Thanks for sharing my ideas.

 

Lewis

 

Ask Lewis

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Click below to observe a nine minute video interview Lewis  did with the Award winning journalist Phyllis Haynes on why  people suffer:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zp4DtXpPBeM

 

 

Lewis Harrison is the author of sixteen books including

“Spiritual, Not Religious: Sacred Tools for Modern Times” a book of  concerned with personal development, human potential, stress reduction and business excellence.

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Order his book by clicking below:

http://www.amazon.com/Spiritual-Not-Religious-Sacred-AskLewis-com/dp/1499150547

 

 

Or type these words on you search engine subject line “spiritual not religious Harrison amazon”

You can reach him at LewisCoaches@gmail.com

Lewis Harrison is an author, teacher and practical philosopher

 This discussion took place at a small conference at a NYC hotel meeting organized by an MPI certified meeting planner. There were panels on leadership, stress management and brain functions. The event was  part of a conference on stress management.

 

Lewis was a presenter on corporate chair massage. His company – www.eventschairmassage.com –offered some stress management and corporate Chair Massage  at the break-out sessions in NYC.

 

Lewis Harrison offers stress management programs throughout the United  States. Part of this company is his corporate chair massage company, eventschairmassage.com provides seated and chair massage for stress management seminars and trainings as well to special events for  meeting planners and meeting professionals in New York City, New Jersey Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Cleveland, Greensboro NC, Florida and other major meeting and conventions venues.

 

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If you are a social networker please “Friend” me, Lewis Harrison on face book “Like”  my page at “https://www.facebook.com/AskLewis/” and invite others who might benefit.

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Lewis Harrison speaks to organizations and businesses of all types and offers seminars throughout the world on his work on the art and science of decision making through spiritually motivated  “Game Based Thinking”

 

He also offers private fee based coaching programs. 

Call him at 212-724-8782 for more information.

 

Angeles, Meeting Planners Chair Massage,  Party Planners Massage,  Corporate Massage. The best chair massage in NYC, Human Potential Classes, Personal development Courses, Mental health

 

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Click below to observe a nine minute video interview Lewis  did with the Award winning journalist Phyllis Haynes on why  people suffer:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zp4DtXpPBeM

 

 

Lewis Harrison is the author of sixteen books including

“Spiritual, Not Religious: Sacred Tools for Modern Times” a book of  concerned with personal development, human potential, stress reduction and business excellence.

 

 

 

 

Order his book by clicking below:

http://www.amazon.com/Spiritual-Not-Religious-Sacred-AskLewis-com/dp/1499150547

 

 

Or type these words on you search engine subject line “spiritual not religious Harrison amazon”

 

You can reach him at LewisCoaches@gmail.com

 

Lewis Harrison offers stress management programs throughout the United  States. Part of this company is his corporate chair massage company, eventschairmassage.com provides seated and chair massage for stress management seminars and trainings as well to special events for  meeting planners and meeting professionals in New York City, New Jersey Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Cleveland, Greensboro NC, Florida and other major meeting and conventions venues.

 

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If you are a social networker please “Friend” me, Lewis Harrison on face book “Like”  my page at “https://www.facebook.com/AskLewis/” and invite others who might benefit.

oooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo

Lewis Harrison speaks to organizations and businesses of all types and offers seminars throughout the world on his work on the art and science of decision making through spiritually motivated  “Game Based Thinking”

 

He also offers private fee based coaching programs. 

Call him at 212-724-8782 for more information.

 

Angeles, Meeting Planners Chair Massage,  Party Planners Massage,  Corporate Massage. The best chair massage in NYC, Human Potential Classes, Personal development Courses, Mental health

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A Problem Related to Spirituality: Understanding the Concept of Free Will

Until the End of May these blogs will focus on problems related to creating a spiritual life.

Lewis Answers: One of the most commonly discussed ideas among thinkers great and small is whether human have freedom of choice or is everything we do predestined? Historically, there have been two schools of thought concerning whether or not we have free choice. 1. Determinism: This is the idea that for everything that happens there are conditions that dictate that, given those conditions, nothing else could happen. 2: Metaphysical libertarianism: Implies that though there are many factors, variables and events that cross our paths the individual may be able to take more than one possible course of action even under this set of circumstances. Metaphysical libertarianism is concerned with how something is known rather than what is known.

The principle of free will has religious, ethical, and scientific implications especially for a student of the Wisdom Path. Recent  neuroscientific findings regarding free will may suggest different ways of predicting human behavior, which is an essential factor in the creation of life strategies.

Even if free will exists there are always going to be constraints that define how we are able to make choices such as physical constraints (e.g. chains or imprisonment), social constraints (e.g. threat of punishment or censure), or psychological constraints (e.g. compulsions or phobias). In fact, some important thinkers concerning this discussion (compatibilists) will often assert that determinism is not just compatible with free will, but actually necessary for it.

In the end there is actually no way to know if there is or not free will. The illusion of ordinary life convinces us that we are free to choose but there is much evidence that could prove that this is not the case. The best one can do is live daily applying the four pillars that define the Wisdom Practice – Meditation, the study of koans, chop would and carry water, laugh sing, dance and be silent.

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Lewis Harrison is a poet, author, teacher, speaker, life coach and contemporary spiritual teacher and mentor. He is the creator of www.AskLewis.com. Lewis specializes in helping individuals and organizations solve basic and seemingly unsolvable problems through the application of principles and ideas drawn from Decision Science, Positive Psychology, Game Theory, Zen, many of the great thinkers and from his personal life experiences.

Lewis will be teaching a weekend program “Make, Choices, Not Excuses” in Oneonta, New York May 3-4

To learn more about Lewis’ work go to “Ask.Lewis.com”

“Like” us on Face book at “facebook.com/AskLewis”

Game Theory, Intution and the Butterfly Effect

Intuition and Cause and Effect

Q. The concept of cause and effect seems pretty obvious?

LEWIS: This chapter is not about just “cause and effect” alone but about exploring the ways that events in the past or present may influence actions in the future.

All a discussion about cause and effect can be on the most basic level; the fact that things move and in that movement they induce some things to happen. But it gets a bit more complex than this.

Q:  How would an understanding of cause and effect enable one to see the possible in the impossible?
LEWIS: The concept of cause and effect is central to most of what we do in life. History, anthropology, memory, the choices we make in the present and the choices we make for the future are all based on some level on the concept of cause and effect. Change drives Life; the actions and responses of life to those actions drives the path that change takes.

 

Q:   Is there a system for determining the effect in response to a specific cause?
LEWIS:   There’s not an exact system but there is some very interesting mathematical work being done in this area.  Much of it is based on the research of MIT meteorologist Edward Lorenz. In 1960 Lorenz tried to create a model for predicting the weather. He wrote simplified equations that represented changes in wind velocity, pressure, temperature, and eight other variables. He then fed this information into a primitive computer. Just as he expected, his predictions of the weather were fairly accurate for the first few days.  However, as three, five or even seven days passed, the predictions were less and less accurate. Dr. Lorenz realized that the further an effect was from the cause the less easy it would be to predict what the effect might be.  He realized that eventually every long-term prediction would at some point depart from reality.

Q:  This seems obvious to me?

LEWIS:  It may seem obvious now, but back in 1960 the implications were staggering. Until Lorenz made his discovery, scientists assumed that a slight change in a cause would result in an equally small change in the responding effect. Linear modeling, the type of modeling most commonly used I stastics demonstrated this fact. However, Lorenz’s research dealt with non-linear equations. His equations proved that the previous assumptions were incorrect and a small shift in a single variable could over time create a much larger effect.  You can see this effect by simply throwing a pebble into a pond and observing the effect.

Q:   What is the application in practical terms of Lorenzo’s discovery?
LEWIS:  In spiritual terms it is an important demonstration of the value of surrender in certain circumstances. Lorenzo’s discovery shows us why long-term weather reports can be so unpredictable and why life may be equally unpredictable.  Consider weather as a metaphor for life. Both obey physical laws.  Like the weather, life is filled with many variables. A small change in the initial condition in a system can cause a chain of events leading to large-scale phenomena.  Any change in the system, even on a microscopic level, can affect the trajectory of the system and lead to a completely different sequence of events. Likewise any unexpected event in our life can lead to completely diverse results.  There is a unique and elegant orderliness even in this seemingly chaotic system – a system that may be affected by microscopic changes. The longer the time from the cause to the effect, the larger number of changes that will take place and the further the results will be from what was originally expected.

Q:  Is there a name for Lorenzo’s specific theory of how changes in a cause will result in a larger affect?
LEWIS: Lorenzo named his discovery “sensitive dependence on initial conditions.” Meteorologists began calling it the Butterfly Effect (technically, disambiguation).  The concept was that if a butterfly were to flap its wings in Manila in April, by the following August the extreme affect of this one small action, this pebble in the pond,  might affect hurricane patterns in Miami in September.

Q:  Does this mean that every action results in an extreme reaction?
LEWIS: No. The microscopic changes in the atmosphere that take place from a Butterfly flapping its wings may also produce the opposite result, preventing a hurricane from appearing.

Q:  How would this discovery affect our ability to transcend obstacles and solve problems?
LEWIS: Many scientists began to rethink the way they solved problems. They realized that many problems that could not be solved seemed unsolvable because the questions were either inappropriate or too general.

Q:   What are the other effects of Lorenzo’s theory?
LEWIS: For one, he showed us that the laws of nature are more complex than we ever realized and that the world is more chaotic than we ever thought.

Q:   I have heard the term “Chaos Theory.” Does the Butterfly Effect relate to this in any way?
LEWIS: Yes. The butterfly effect is a “short hand” for the more complex, detailed and technical idea known as “sensitive dependence on initial conditions” which is part of chaos theory.

Q:  What are some of the other implications of Lorenzo’s Theory?
LEWIS: His work also led to the understanding among scientists that small changes in the initial condition of a dynamic system can result in much larger variations in the long-term behavior of the same system. This is sometimes presented in extreme ways such as the Butterfly/Hurricane illustration. It can, however, be exhibited by very simple systems. For example, you are sitting in the driver’s seat of your car and your wallet falls out of your pocket onto the car floor. Where it will land will depend on slight differences in the wallet’s initial position when it left your pocket.

Q:  Can the Butterfly Effect be used in predicting results?
LEWIS: Yes. As an assessment process becomes more intense and the questions asked about a problem more specific and accurate, there is a greater chance of tracking effects of a particular action.

Q:   So the Butterfly Effect helps us to solve problems more easily by understanding more effectively the patterns in cause-and-effect reactions?
LEWIS: Yes.  And it also enables us to see possibilities where the impossible existred before. For generations researchers, scientists and engineers of every variety have used different algorithms to predict events. However they were only capable of predicting those things that seemed predictable. How many miles will a car travel on a gallon of gas, or how deep and large a foundation will you need to support a sixty-story building? With this new information and the tools associated with it researchers could more easily predict, even extrapolate, what might happen given a set of variables.

Q:  This theory will not help them to solve every problem. Won’t there always be some butterfly whose wing flapping may change the course of history?
LEWIS:  Yes. And yet we also know that when that butterfly flaps its wings in Manila, something larger will happen besides another butterfly flapping its wings in Miami.

 

Q:  Do you have any final thought on the concept of cause and effect?

LEWIS: Remember that cause and effect must be tested quantitatively in order to get an accurate picture of what is going on. It is also important to stay aware of when a process has reached the point of diminishing returns.

 

Q. Define The Law of Diminishing Return?

LEWIS: The Law of Diminishing Returns is a term common in economics and problem solving but applicable to any aspect of life that describes a point at which you have achieved the maximum that you can from some fixed factor or variable and no matter how much more of this factor you use in the future, the benefit will decrease.

Q:   What is the background behind the Law of Diminishing Returns?
LEWIS: This concept has been recognized in one form or another since ancient times, Dr. William R. Corcoran first wrote about The Law of Diminishing Returns as it relates to hierarchal group behavior. Dr. Corcoran researched Corrective Action Programs at nuclear power plants. He observed that the principle of diminishing returns could be applied to technology of virtually every type including vacuum cleaners and the evaluation tools used to manage change.

Q. Can the Law of Diminishing Returns be understood completely with a mastery of mathematics?

LEWIS: Hardly. Intuition is essential for seeing the gems of possibility within the impossible.

 

Q. Please define intuition?

LEWIS: Intuition is the ability to immediately access and apprehend knowledge without the use of reason.

 

Q. If we were in a situation where we had all the information we might need to make an effective decision, why would intuition be important?

LEWIS: At times we may find, for any number of reasons that we cannot act on the information that is available to us.  Intuition is especially valuable in such situations.

 

Q. Are there logical solutions to most problems?

LEWIS: I would imagine that given enough time one might eventually determine the most rational, logical, and desirable choice in virtually any situation.  Yet, we may use every logical skill and resource available to us and there will be situations where still no one choice stands out among the various options.  There are also times in life when we are presented with a number of choices where no one choice seems superior to the others. And then there is the time factor.  There are situations where the time is simply not available to look at all of the variables at hand to make a logical choice and yet the moment is here and a choice must be made immediately.

 

Q. What is one to do in such a situation?

LEWIS: A person must go with their gut feeling.  They must trust their intuition.

 

Q. The definition of intuition seems somewhat general.  Have researchers ever been able to isolate where it resides in the body or area of the brain?

LEWIS: Intuition is not one thing.  As hard as it is to define intuition specifically, it is something that almost all people agree exists, and yet its existence is little more than an object of faith and belief that we cannot necessarily justify.

 

Q. Is intuition always there or do we develop it as we might develop any other skill?

LEWIS: Intuition is the result of many different linear and non-linear factors coming together.  Intuition is what appears between the lines of what seems logical and what seems obvious to most individuals (called surface reality).  These elements are then combined with historical and empirical information, heightened observation skills, and an intention to experience fully what is going on internally and externally in our world.

 

Q. Is intuition connected to the subconscious mind?

LEWIS: Yes.  One of the strongest elements of the subconscious mind is the ability to sense or know something immediately and without reasoning.  As an individual focuses on the process of Self-Actualization they will find that that they are constantly developing ever-greater sensitivity, both consciously and subconsciously, to what intuition communicates.

 

Q. Please describe what happens when an individual’s intuition is in a heightened state?

LEWIS: Some people have an uncanny ability to see that which most of us do not see.  It is not some psychic ability that they possess yet it is an ability that transcends ordinary knowledge.  It is as if they, the highly intuitive man or woman, sees essential data in slow motion and somehow knows and senses what is going on in a way that is far beyond ordinary conscious understanding.  Over time they will increasingly learn to trust these messages.  More often than not, this intuitive information doesn’t come in verbal or logical form.  In fact, in the beginning they will usually be unaware that they are developing this level of intuitive sensitivity.

 

Q. Are we all capable of doing this?

LEWIS: We are all intuitive on some level.  We often make wise choices and yet if asked to articulate how we made this one choice rather than another we could not say so.

 

Q. In what disciplines does the study of intuition play an important role?

LEWIS: Intuition is of interest to philosophers, theologians, mystics, law enforcement officers, psychologists, and many other professions where intellect alone will not suffice to get to key information.

 

Q. How is intuition used in psychology?

LEWIS: It depends on the psychological system being applied.  Some of the earliest exploration of intuition in psychiatry was by Carl Jung, one of the pioneers in the field.  Over the years many other important mental health pioneers have addressed and integrated intuition into their work.

 

Q. How can one use intuition as a tool for healing physical or emotional problems?

LEWIS: One of the strongest elements of the emotional healing process is an expansion of intuitive sensibilities.  If one engages in self assessment, introspection and emotional balancing activities consistently, one is likely to discover that one has also developed greater intuitive sensibility and sensitivity.  In time, one also begins to trust these intuitive messages more and more.

 

Q. How does intuition speak to us?

LEWIS: This intuitive information doesn’t come in verbal or logical form.  In fact, in the beginning one is not even aware that he or she is developing this level of intuitive sensitivity. Intuition will generally be experienced differently for each individual.  Researchers in this area find that these unique experiences can be categorized as:

LEWIS:  Physical sensations (kinesthetic)

b.  Emotions and feelings (emotive)

c.  Symbols and images (mental)

 

Q. Please explain each of the above categories.

LEWIS:

Physical Sensations – Kinesthetic intuitives experience physical sensations that communicate information. They feel physically “comfortable” or “uncomfortable” about something.  This may appear as a gut sense, a physical pain, or something that excites their heart.

b. Emotions and Feelings – This is usually experienced as a vague or specific feeling that has no explanation, but is usually right. You might feel slightly depressed because you know something is wrong.  You actually become sensitive to the emotional states of others who are around you.  You see their posture or you automatically have a feeling arise when they say something.  It is not intellectual.  It happens right there in that moment.  Emotional intuitives often say the words “I like” and “I don’t like”, or “This feels good or bad to me.”  They respond to requests from others and make decisions based on how they feel.  If they are not conscious of this quality they may experience a feeling, without realizing that they are picking up thoughts and feelings from another person.

c. Symbols and Images – Can a mental picture resemble a thought?  It may simply be an internal conversation you are having with yourself about a solution to a problem.  It could be a brainstorm in the shower, a hunch and/or a nagging thought that will not go away in the mind of a person who is not normally obsessive about thoughts.  Intuition is not logical but you can initially experience it as if it is. These thoughts are about common sense and what seems obvious.  It is a more goal-oriented sensibility than the other two forms of intuition.

 

Q. Is one of these forms more common than the others?

LEWIS: According to my friend Nancy Rosanoff, a respected writer and speaker on intuition, “Most often people have a combination of the above three, though one form may be dominant.  Rarely is someone totally one type. We categorize them only to indicate that there is more than one way to perceive intuitive information.

 

Hello Friend,

 

Some of you have requested that I post the entire Q & A part of my classes rather than just short segments. Let’s compromise. I am posting short segments in this e-mail but you can read the Q & A from the entire class in a blog post at my website at www.LewisHarrisonsAppliedGameTheory.com

This is an extract of a class I taught on Initiation.  Initiation is any formal rite of passage, often a ceremony, marking entrance or acceptance into adulthood or into a group or society.  If you are part of a religious organization, a mystic path or a membership based club you have probably experienced some form of initation.

 

I hope you enjoy this excerpt.

 

Lewis Harrison

 

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Lewis Harrison, the author of this blog is a speaker, consultant, and Contemporary Spiritual Teacher. He is a  pioneer in the personal development movement  The author of nine  self help books on human potential he offers seminar, workshops, retreats and phone based coaching. He is creating a series of ebooks entitled “Ask Lewis…” which will be available on line

 

Lewis offers phone-based and on-line life coaching services and created the course on Life Strategies www.LewisHarrisonsAppliedGameTheory.com  –  a simple system for decision making based on Game Theory, the idea expanded on by John Nash, the Nobel prize winning subject of the biopick “A Beautiful Mind”.

 

LEWIS WILL BE OFFERING A WEEKEND BOOTCAMP  IN  SEPTEMBER ON LIFE STRATEGIES AND APPLIED GAME THEORY.

FOR INFORMATION ON DATES, AND TUITION CALL LEWIS AT

212-724-8782

 

Lewis hosts a weekly radio show “What Up” that explore game theory. The show broadcasts Wednesdays and Thursday on WIOX 91.3 FM  – 4:00 PM – 6:00 PM (EST).  The show is also available as an internet stream at the same time period at WIOXRadio.org

 

To read the Q & A from the entire class in a blog post at my website at www.LewisHarrisonsAppliedGameTheory.com

 

Zen Koans, Quantum Theory and Science

Those who attempt to merge Quantum Theory  with Zen, Taoism, and others Wisdom Paths from a purely superficial level will often fall into the trap of embracing superstition, or some “fluffy” new age idea as truth, while ridiculing scientific thought and logic as rigid and unenlightened.  This is unfortunate because science, when applied appropriately, is a great gift to the seeker of both knowledge and wisdom.
The word, “Science”, from the Latin scientia, meaning “knowledge”, refers to a system of gathering knowledge (research) so specific, that one can correctly predict a reliable outcome consistently. This system -the scientific method -was introduced by Sir Francis Bacon, and it is through his strict definitions that the scientific revolution has come to be what it is today.  It is through Bacon’s definition that the outcomes of research form a scientific body of knowledge.

There is actually a much broader definition for the word “science”. One might also define science as a systematic knowledge, particularly any highly skilled practice, technique, or technology that is capable of resulting in a correct prediction or reliable outcome.  There are different disciplines that fit this definition, including social science, formal science, and natural science.  There are also cross -disciplines between the sciences, an example being biophysics.

Even the three categories I have just named are not rigidly defined, and in fact there are many important thinkers that do not agree with this approach to defining the sciences.  Nonetheless, I began with this approach because I had to begin somewhere, and this approach seemed as reasonable as any other.

1.      Natural Sciences.  These are organized categories of information that involve the study of phenomena or laws of the physical world.  Among the most well-known of the natural sciences are physics, chemistry, biology, astronomy, and so on.

2.       Formal Sciences.  A “formal science” uses words and terms with very specific definitions (formal language) and combines them with deductive reasoning as a means for creating a system by which some well-formed specific formulas, rules, and codes can be derived from others that are more general.  Within the category of formal science is mathematics, logic, statistics, information theory, and theoretical computer science.  All of these use deductive reasoning, and tell us that if something is true in one game, (a class of things in general) this truth applies to all legitimate players in that game. (Class)  The key, then, is to be able to properly identify players in the game. (Members of the class) Mis-categorizing them will result in invalid conclusions, for example; “He is a vegan.”  This is based on the logic that in the vegan game, (class) a person does not consume foods that contain meat, fish, eggs, poultry, dairy, or any other “animal ingredients.”  Thus, if a person says, “I am a vegan,” we can have a certainty of what he or she means by this, since the meaning of the word “vegan” is very specific.  The power and importance of this approach in science, and certainly in game theory, is that it frees us from the need to examine the eating habits of each and every vegan we ever come across.  Because of the validity of specialized and specific language, combined with the deductive approach, both key elements of formal science, we are able to make an assumption that is useful, efficient, and effective.  Without deep exploration, we can reasonably assume what “I am a vegan” means.

3.      Social Sciences.  The term “social science,” like “game theory,” is an umbrella term for many different games of organized knowledge and information.  Social science games, as I now call them, require that one explores aspects of human society in ways that cannot be easily explained mathematically.  Among the most familiar social sciences are;  anthropology, communication, criminology, cultural studies, developmental studies, economics, history, linguistics, law, philosophy, political science, psychology, social network analysis, social psychology, sociology, and social work.

So there it is, three types of science, organized in a not-so-neat package. I say “not-so-neat” because many important thinkers question where something like computer science even fits the definition of what a science is.  Bacon would have required real-world experiments to come to some conclusion about truth or fact.  Many of the sciences that are based on the definition of a “formal science” lack any real-world experimentation to support their conclusions.

On the Wisdom Path, science becomes a tool for understanding and applying information. Science is not “truth.”  It is just science.  As I began to organize my thoughts into the book you are now reading, I surrendered the need for an empirical basis to prove any one point.  Instead I decided to follow the path of most of the scientists I spoke with, and treat the formal sciences as science, simply because they are extremely important.  In fact, all quantitative sciences – including many of the social sciences such as sociology, psychology, anthropology etc, depend on them.  It may be an ongoing debate as to whether or not any of the formal sciences can be named a true science, but unless one chooses to become a monastic, then the sciences can be invaluable – especially when you come face to face with hierarchies, competition, the need to define goals and priorities in relation to the hundreds of sub-disciplines, sub-categories, and specialized games within games the game of life.

This way of seeing the world is explained effectively in The Kālāma Sutta (also known as the Kālām Sutta.  The Kālāma Sutta  is a discourse of the Buddha contained in the Aṅguttara Nikaya of the Tipiṭaka, and is often cited by students of some Buddhist traditions as the Buddha‘s “charter of free inquiry.”  This means one needs  to respect the use of sound logical reasoning, arguments, and the dialectic principles for inquiries in the practice that relates to the discipline of seeking truth, wisdom, and knowledge, whether it is religious or not.

The Kālāma Sutta is also used to support the concept of applying conservation and balance to one’s Wisdom Practice, especially concerning one’s conduct in practical matters.  In short, the Kālāma Sutta is opposed to blind faith, dogmatism, and belief spawned from faulty reasoning. More consistent with the scientific method than traditional, faith-based religion, the Kālāma Sutta insists on a proper assessment of evidence, rather than a reliance on faith, hearsay, or speculation.

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Lewis Harrison is an speaker, consultant, and Contemporary Spiritual Teacher. He is a  pioneer in the personal development movement  The author of nine  self help books on human potential he offers seminar, workshops, retreats and phone based coaching.

He is the author of the Comprehensive book Healing Depression naturally www.HealingDepressionBook.com

He created the course on Life Strategies www.LewisHarrisonsAppliedGameTheory.com  – based on Game Theory, the idea expanded on by John Nash the Nobel prize winning subject of the biopick “A Beautiful Mind”. Lewis holds regular stress management,  and meditation retreats at his Spa in the Western Catskills. Learn more at Thecatskillsbedandbreakfast.com

His company offers on-site chair massage through www.eventschairmassage.com

Lewis hosts a weekly radio show “What Up” that explore game theory. The show broadcasts Wednesdays and Thursday on WIOX 91.3 FM  – 4:00 PM – 6:00 PM (EST).  The show is also available as an internet stream at the same time period at WIOXRadio.org