Zen, Business Success and Stress Management

 Zen is a practice that deals with the concept of deep awareness and wisdom  through intuition during meditation, and the application of all this in daily life including in business success

Zen defies definition. It is a philosophy of non-philosophy, an intellectually guided practice of anti-intellectualism, and the un-measurable science of non-being. The practice of Zen is the pursuit of various techniques, chiefly Zazen meditation and the study of kōan, which are designed to confound the logical, rational mind in order to trigger or shock the mind into experiencing states of enlightened awareness.


It is rooted in the most profound elements of intuition and life itself, and the facts of unfettered experience. It transcends the dogmas of traditional religious rites and rituals and focuses on cutting through the veil of the unfocused mind to the core, inherent nature of man.


Many Westerners are confused by Zen for they assume it is a religion but this is not so. According to the greatly respected Zen Master D.T. Suzuki “It is not a religion in the sense that the term is popularly understood; for Zen has no God to worship, no ceremonial rites to observe, no future abode to which the dead are destined, and, last of all, Zen has no soul whose welfare is to be looked after by somebody else…


The attraction of Zen to the spiritual seeker is because it is chiefly concerned with the concept of ‘being’. In the West “Being” has usually been the concern of science, mathematics, and  defining and measuring the tangible world around us in order to create a universal model of reality.  Zen is born out the eastern idea of ‘non- being’, which is best understood as the negation of absolute definitions, and eschews attachment to the world of measurement and form in favor of a practice of non-attachment. It is a pure experience of the world than is expressed often through different systems of philosophy, ethics and esthetics in the eastern world.


We were recently offering a seminar on stress management at the Catskills Bed and Breakfast  – www.TheCatskillsbedandBreakfast.com – in Stamford NY. During the breakout sessions we offered stress management seminars that including creative visualization, spirituality in business and onsite chair massage

The question came up. What is Zen?

There is no simple answer to what Zen is? What is known is that its practice leads to a state of knowing that is authentic, unfettered, and expresses one’s actualization. In this state of awareness one has less stress, less anxiety, less greed, and less concern for the mistakes of the past or expectations for the future.


Click below to observe a nine minute video interview Lewis  did with the Award winning journalist Phyllis Haynes on why  people suffer:




Lewis Harrison is the author of sixteen books including


Ask Lewis

“Spiritual, Not Religious: Sacred Tools for Modern Times” a book of  concerned with personal development, human potential, stress reduction and business excellence.





Order his book by clicking below:





Or type these words on you search engine subject line “spiritual not religious Harrison amazon”


You can reach him at LewisCoaches@gmail.com

Lewis offers stress management programs throughout the United  States. Part of this company is  his corporate chair massage company, eventschairmassage.com provides seated and chair massage for stress management seminars and trainings as well to special events for  meeting planners and meeting professionals in New York City, New Jersey Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Cleveland, Greensboro NC, Florida and other major meeting and conventions venues.




If you are a social networker please “Friend” me, Lewis Harrison on face book “Like”  my page at “https://www.facebook.com/AskLewis/” and invite others who might benefit.




Lewis Harrison speaks to organizations and businesses of all types and offers seminars throughout the world on his work on the art and science of decision making through spiritually motivated  “Game Based Thinking”


He also offers private fee based coaching programs. 

Call him at 212-724-8782 for more information.



Truth and Game Based Thinking


In game based thinking and Lewis Harrison’s Applied Game Thinking (LAGT)  “truth” means constancy or sincerity in action or character. In general terms it is difficult if not impossible to specifically define truth since the word has a variety of meanings including a state of being in accord with fact or reality; fidelity to the original or to the standard or the ideal;  or as anything that is the  direct opposite of falsehood. There are various definitions of truth based on whether you are defining something logically, factually, or ethically.

3 # 3

Recently we held a conference on stress management at the Catskills Bed and Breakfast – www.TheCatskillsBedandBreakfast.com -. We had speakers, training sessions and offered corporate on-site chair massage during the breaks. During the conference the question of “What is “Truth” kept arising.


Why is it so difficult to define “Truth”? Because we are working with language, and language and words are at best “tools” by which humans convey information to one another. At the very best the word, “truth” must have a beneficial use to be retained within language.


Defining what is required to make something beneficial (called potency and applicability by philosophers) can be called a “criterion”.  The method used to recognize a “truth” is called a criterion of truth. Since there is no single accepted criterion, all criteria are nothing more than “theories“.


Various theories and views of truth continue to be debated among scholars and philosophers. There are differing claims on such questions as what constitutes truth: what things are the  truth bearers capable of being true or false; how to define and identify truth; the roles that revealed and acquired knowledge play; and whether truth is subjective or objective, relative or absolute.

Being that there is no one definite of truth, it is not easy to ever use the word accurately or even effectively. In game based thinking it really falls under the concept of specialized language. Within LHAGT truth generally refers to the quality of “faithfulness, fidelity, loyalty, sincerity, veracity”, as well as to “an agreement of what    is a  fact or agreed upon reality“.  In most of the Germanic languages (excluding English) there is a terminological distinction between truth “fidelity” and truth “factuality”.  In the early 21st century “deflationary” or “minimalist” theories of truth have gained some popularity in academic circles. This approach to truth is based on the idea that the application of a term like “true” to a statement does not really tell us anything important about the thing that is supposedly true. At best, according to this approach, saying that something is “true” becomes a tool within a conversation used to emphasize claims, gain agreement, or to form certain types of generalizations.


One of my students asked me “How can anyone seriously question a scientific truth? The laws of nature are the laws of nature. 2 plus 2 is 4. A dog is a dog. It would seem that everything else is either some metaphysical notion or simply some unprovable belief?”

This very question is addressed by William James famously (1842–1910). In his work “Radical Empiricism”, James points out that clear distinctions of type and category are the constant goals of scientific reasoning. Once these distinctions are discovered, success is declared. But according to James in the world of daily experience things are organized differently involving inherent and intractable ambiguities.

Other  ideas on truth include Russell’s Paradox

Kripke’s Theory of Truth

Gödel’s First Incompleteness Theorem

The Liars’ Paradox


You may also wish to read my book “Spiritual, Not Religious: Sacred Tools for Modern Times”




Lewis Harrison is a motivational speaker specializing in game based thinking and applied game theory. He is a  seminar leader, futurist, entrepreneur, NPR affiliated radio talk show (WIOXRadio.org) host, success and life coach and a best-selling author.

He is the creator of a web site – www.askLewis.com.  that focuses on the application of gamification, decision science, positive psychology, happiness,  and visionary thinking to solve basic, complex and extreme problems. He is the creator of a free course on personal growth and human potential.

Here is a short interview with Lewis;

Ask Lewis

Here is a short interview with Lewis;


Lewis Harrison is a motivational speaker specializing in game based thinking and applied game theory. He is a  seminar leader, futurist, entrepreneur, NPR affiliated radio talk show (WIOXRadio.org) host, success and life coach and a best-selling author.


Lewis also owns a company that offers stress management programs throughout the United  States. Part of this company is  his corporate chair massage company, eventschairmassage.com provides seated and chair massage for stress management seminars and trainings as well to special events for  meeting planners and meeting professionals in New York City, New Jersey Las Veges, Dallas, Los Angeles, Cleveland, Greensboro NC, Florida and other major meeting and conventions venues.



He is the creator of a web site – www.askLewis.com.  that focuses on the application of gamification, decision science, positive psychology, happiness,  and visionary thinking to solve basic, complex and extreme problems. He is the creator of a free course on personal growth and human potential.



Lewis also owns a company that offers stress management programs throughout the United  States. Part of this company is  his corporate chair massage company, eventschairmassage.com provides seated and chair massage for stress management seminars and trainings as well to special events for  meeting planners and meeting professionals in New York City, New Jersey Las Veges, Dallas, Los Angeles, Cleveland, Greensboro NC, Florida and other major meeting and conventions venues.



A Problem Related to Spirituality: Understanding the Concept of Free Will

Until the End of May these blogs will focus on problems related to creating a spiritual life.

Lewis Answers: One of the most commonly discussed ideas among thinkers great and small is whether human have freedom of choice or is everything we do predestined? Historically, there have been two schools of thought concerning whether or not we have free choice. 1. Determinism: This is the idea that for everything that happens there are conditions that dictate that, given those conditions, nothing else could happen. 2: Metaphysical libertarianism: Implies that though there are many factors, variables and events that cross our paths the individual may be able to take more than one possible course of action even under this set of circumstances. Metaphysical libertarianism is concerned with how something is known rather than what is known.

The principle of free will has religious, ethical, and scientific implications especially for a student of the Wisdom Path. Recent  neuroscientific findings regarding free will may suggest different ways of predicting human behavior, which is an essential factor in the creation of life strategies.

Even if free will exists there are always going to be constraints that define how we are able to make choices such as physical constraints (e.g. chains or imprisonment), social constraints (e.g. threat of punishment or censure), or psychological constraints (e.g. compulsions or phobias). In fact, some important thinkers concerning this discussion (compatibilists) will often assert that determinism is not just compatible with free will, but actually necessary for it.

In the end there is actually no way to know if there is or not free will. The illusion of ordinary life convinces us that we are free to choose but there is much evidence that could prove that this is not the case. The best one can do is live daily applying the four pillars that define the Wisdom Practice – Meditation, the study of koans, chop would and carry water, laugh sing, dance and be silent.


Lewis Harrison is a poet, author, teacher, speaker, life coach and contemporary spiritual teacher and mentor. He is the creator of www.AskLewis.com. Lewis specializes in helping individuals and organizations solve basic and seemingly unsolvable problems through the application of principles and ideas drawn from Decision Science, Positive Psychology, Game Theory, Zen, many of the great thinkers and from his personal life experiences.

Lewis will be teaching a weekend program “Make, Choices, Not Excuses” in Oneonta, New York May 3-4

To learn more about Lewis’ work go to “Ask.Lewis.com”

“Like” us on Face book at “facebook.com/AskLewis”

The Greatness of Nelson Mandela and Leadership

How does one define greatness?

Nelson Mandela’s death got me thinking about what makes a great leader? I am interested in exploring how genuine leadership can guide organizations towards greater individual and group effectiveness.


Let’s define leadership. I believe it is the application of leadership to a group of extraordinary individuals with a common vision or transcendent mission. A leader will be capable of inspiring others in the group to go beyond what might otherwise seem the norm.


Here is a short Q & A on leadership.


Doesn’t a successful organization expect its leader to have all the answers?


Nobody has all the answers, and this sort of expectation is one of the problems in ineffective hierarchies and toxic communities. In our culture, we want leaders to have all the answers, and we discredit them if they don’t. The media and partisan politics feed this attitude.




Can you explore various approaches to leadership, especially as applied to large organizations?

There are a many ways to define leadership; however, what most forms of leadership have in common is the centralizing of power in the hands of one individual or group of individuals. Thus, in order to understand leadership, one must understand power. To make this easier for you, I have provided a basic list of categories of power.


1. Charismatic Power: Based on a magnetic style or personality. To explore charismatic power and why it is so effective, see the Conversation on How RTPs Spread Through Society in the Level: Regenerative Thought Programs – RTPs.


2. Coercive Power: Based on the ability to make others accountable for their choices and actions.


3. Expert Power: Held by a person with a skill that is not only invaluable to the group but irreplaceable.


4. Information-based Power: Short-term power derived from a body of information that is essential to the group’s functioning within a particular area.


5. Legitimate Power: This is among the most rigid expressions of power. It is structured, hierarchical and is usually bestowed formally upon a person by others.


6. Reward Power: This type of power is directly connected to the concept of positive reinforcement. In this concept, an individual has the legitimate administrative power to offer rewards and incentives to others.


Leadership is essential in politics. What makes a person a poor political leader?

Some politicians, while seeming to care about others, are actually driven by hidden and often selfish agendas fueled by selective use of the media.


Where do the concepts of altruism and reciprocal altruism fit into the various theories of leadership?

There is a leadership model known the “Managerial Grid” that presents five different leadership styles, based on the leaders’ concern for people and their desire to achieve certain goals. I will not discuss these here, but there is much information available.



Lewis Harrison the creator of this blog is a radio talk show host, speaker, consultant, practical philosopher and Contemporary Spiritual Teacher. Lewis is a pioneer in the personal development movement The author of nine self help books on human potential he offers a monthly retreat/seminar “How to Solve Any Problem”.  He also and phone based coaching. He is creating a series of ebooks entitled “Ask Lewis…” which will be available on line.

This blog is explored more fully through Lewis E-book “A Primer To Lewis Harrison’s Applied Game Theory”. Lewis’ ebook “How to Predict the Future (Not!) ”,  is available as a $7.00 e-book. You can order it directly from Lewis by calling him at 212-724-8782.

Lewis owns a stress management consulting and corporate chair massage company www.eventschairmassage.com

Lewis offers phone-based and on-line life coaching services and a monthly workshop/Retreat – a simple program for decision making based on Game Theory, the idea expanded on by John Nash, the Nobel Prize winning subject of the biopick “A Beautiful Mind”.

Spirituality in the Digital Age


Now let’s take creative thought and the digital arts, and integrate them with the compassionate and kind life. What arises from this is the Post-digital Path. This term points significantly to our rapidly changed and changing relationships with digital technologies and art forms. It focuses on an attitude that is more concerned not with the digital in isolation but with ways in which digital technology can bring forth with the highest elements of what it means to be a human being human. The Post-digital path defines an ever changing reality that is anchored in enlightenment.

This conversation is important for it helps each of us to define what it means when we say “I’m spiritual, but not religious”> On this path the student must explore ways in which 21st century technology and social dynamics – power, competition, altruism and hierarchy – may affect human conceptualizations of the world. This practice helps us redefine the way knowledge is constructed and used.  This is a real paradigm shift, a shift in the mathematics of a particular reality. Specifically defined, a paradigm is a theoretical and philosophical model, pattern or framework; specifically of a linguistic discipline or a mathematically based or scientific school of thought. The word paradigm was first presented by Thomas Kuhn in his book “The Structure of Scientific Revolutions.”

Mr. Kuhn’s descriptive word was specifically created to address ideas related to the natural sciences and would not,  in the strict sense of the word, be used outside of a strictly logical or rational model, since to do so is to corrupt the purpose of the definition to begin with. In Postmodernism and Zen there is no rigid view of anything – no paradigm.

You see, the natural sciences are disciplines and schools of thought with specific and definable laws and theories.  They include experiments that might be performed in support of these disciplines and schools of thought, and the laws, rules and guidelines that define them.

The more involved you become in the applying of  Zen, Taoism and post modern thought to creating a life of love, wisdom, compassion, spiritual contentment and happiness many of the distinctions between paradigms, social paradigms, and other forms of belief will disappear while other, more subtle distinctions will become apparent.


To paraphrase Joseph Campbell the pioneering anthropologist: The artist is the clergy for the modern age. I think this is even more so ON the Post-modern and post-digital path.



Lewis Harrison the creator of this blog is a radio talk show host, speaker, consultant, practical philosopher and Contemporary Spiritual Teacher. Lewis is a pioneer in the personal development movement The author of nine self help books on human potential he offers a monthly retreat/seminar “How to Solve Any Problem”.  He also and phone based coaching. He is creating a series of ebooks entitled “Ask Lewis…” which will be available on line.

This blog is explored more fully through Lewis E-book “A Primer To Lewis Harrison’s Applied Game Theory”. Lewis’ ebook “How to Predict the Future (Not!) ”,  is available as a $7.00 e-book. You can order it directly from Lewis by calling him at 212-724-8782.


Lewis owns a stress management consulting and corporate chair massage company www.eventschairmassage.com


Lewis offers phone-based and on-line life coaching services and a monthly workshop/Retreat – a simple program for decision making based on Game Theory, the idea expanded on by John Nash, the Nobel Prize winning subject of the biopick “A Beautiful Mind”.

A Woody Allen Joke About Marriage


Game Theory based strategies deal not with mathematics  alone but with the idea that human often act irrationally

Thanksgiving is a time of family etc. My wife and I were watching  a movie about marriage and ruminating on why some couples stay together and others  get divorced?

Here is funny story, maybe a Zen Koan for you about marriage:


“A man goes to a psychiatrist and explains that his wife is insane.

“Maybe she is a bit eccentric” replies the psychiatrist. “You can learn to adjust to her behavior, after all marriage is compromise”.

“No” replies the man. “She is really crazy”

“What makes you so sure that she is crazy?” asks the psychiatrist

“She thinks she’s a chicken” Replies the man


“She thinks she’s a chicken”

“What makes you think, that she thinks she is a chicken?” Asks the Psychiatrist

“Well she acts like a chicken”!

“I don’t understand” Replies the psychiatrist

The man explains. “Every morning she wakes up and starts to make clucking noises. Then she bends over and starts to peck at the floor like she is eating seeds. Then she waves her arms up and down like a chicken does.”

“Wow” say the psychiatrist, “Your wife really does think she is a chicken”.

“That’s what I told you” replies the man.

“Why do you stay married to her”? Asked the psychiatrist

The man responded instantly, without any thought or sense of irony. “Because I need the eggs!”



Specialized Language in Applied Game Theory

To apply Lewis Harrison’s Applied Game Theory is essential that you change your way of thinking, and acting. This can easily be done by changing the words you think, and speak. In other words you must choose and use words carefully. I call this “Specialized Language.”  One might describe Specialized Language as a specifically defined and rigidly applied organization of words and non-verbal cues communicating detailed specific ideas in a highly defined specialized way.

In doesn’t matter whether you are a beginner at strategizing or a PhD who understands Chomsky and Wittgenstein by heart. In order to effectively and efficiently solve problems you must have an understanding of how the use of words creates problems and also solves them.

Here you can explore my glossary of Specialized Words and Terms.

It will be very helpful for you to understand the problem solving process if you read the following Q & A session I conducted with my students on Specialized Language.


A Conversation on Specialized Language

STUDENT: Specialized language seems such a limiting and oppressive way to use language?

LEWIS: It can be if you do not have a purpose in using specialized language.

STUDENT: What specialized groups require this type of specificity in language?

LEWIS: A short list would include cowboys, boxers, neuroscientists, chefs, advertising executives, investment advisors, soldiers, prostitutes, philanthropists, prison wardens and artists.

STUDENT: So virtually any group that has boundaries, rules, codes, systems etc. will have a specialized language?

LEWIS: Yes.   The more specialized the group, the greater the specialization in the meaning of the words.  Also, the culture is more sophisticated. This is especially so in technology, specialized professions and the arts.

STUDENT: Are language and culture directly dependent on one?

LEWIS: Probably not.  There are groups with widely different cultures that share a common language. Think of the English speakers of Australia, South Africa, Singapore, India, Guyana, England and Ireland.

STUDENT: Of course, there are speakers of completely unrelated languages that share similar cultural traits?

LEWIS: Yes. I remember a recent Christmas in New York City where I saw two families one Hindu and another Muslim family buying Santa Claus outfits, Christmas trees etc. Different religions, different cultural backgrounds sharing the “secular” Christmas spirit.

STUDENT:  Would it be accurate to say that the form of a language determines specific cultural traits including in the arts?

LEWIS: Yes but who can definitively state which traits are determined by language?

STUDENT: Speak more about specialized language and the arts?

LEWIS:  The arts are unique in that here you will often find a specialized language that transcends the limitations of words.   Art is an act of expressing our feelings, thoughts, and observations. (See A Conversation on Art). We may achieve a deep understanding of something or the message conveyed in something by seeing, hearing, touching it, or interacting with it in some unique way. This non-verbal communication can facilitate thought processes within us opening the door to new realms of experience including altered states of consciousness beyond what words can express.  (See A Conversation on Altered States of Consciousness).

STUDENT: So art is a language?

LEWIS: Yes.  It is also a mystical language. Art can connote a trained ability or mastery of a media or art’s medium. Art is the language allowing us to express our feelings, thoughts, and observations. There is an understanding with the material as a result of handling it which can facilitates one’s thought processes. In a sense, the experiencing and creation of art, often a non-verbal medium can empower us to listen better and communicate effectively with or without words.

STUDENT: Can the specific use of language and words become a transformational process unto itself?

LEWIS: Absolutely. Think of the power of great literature to evoke thought and feelings. Think of the impact that the sacred texts of the major religions have on the world such as the Bible, the Koran, the Bhagavad-Gita, The Dhamapada, and The Guru Granth Sahib.

The intention of applying language in this way opens us to unique ideas and processes that might never have occurred to us.

STUDENT:  Please give examples of ideas and processes.

LEWIS: We often use one word in place of another. We call such words synonyms, There are even specialized dictionaries of synonyms. Consider this; there is no such thing as a true synonym, a word with an identical or exact meaning to another word. You see, though many words might seem to mean the same thing, the fact is that every word has three specific characteristics:

1. Frequency of use in common usage

2. Who uses it and how (distribution)

3. Connotation (what is being insinuated or implied by the word usage).

STUDENT:  So though technically the word manure, pooh, feces and shit all mean the same, they are actually quite different?

LEWIS: That is correct.  In common usage this might not mean all that much but when you are exploring the nature of reality and illusion (See a Conversation on Reality Games), the subtle distinction between what one word means and what another means can be great. This is in part how Zen Koans function.

STUDENT: The study of words, language and communication has so many layers. It could easily become overwhelming.

LEWIS: I can discuss these ideas about words and language for days. I am not going to do this.  The key is that some forms of language and communication naturally create a psychological environment of possibility while other forms, including the ones, I have just described tend to limit possibility and even reinforce existing obstacles.

STUDENT: Why is specialized language important?

LEWIS: Specialized language is a natural solution to a basic problem – that the meanings of words are, for the most part arbitrary. The meaning of any word is a matter of convention.

STUDENT: So any object may be referred to using a variety of words and any word can have many meanings?

LEWIS: Yes. The meaning of a word describes a particular object depends on the intention of the speaker, the ability of the listener to evaluate effectively and the context in which the word is used.

STUDENT: How does a person develop specialized language skills?

LEWIS: There are three key elements:

1. The ability to recognize and understand the meaning of a particular symbol.

2. Effective communication skills (conveying information as well as listening and hearing effectively).

3. The ability to learn through imitation (modeling and matching)

STUDENT:  So the extraordinary person will almost always used specialized language?

LEWIS: In a specialized group? Yes! It is specialized language that enables a person to use more advanced and specialized tools to do what needs to be done.

STUDENT: So almost any system which describes a language process can also be used to describe tool-making.

LEWIS: Yes. This is because language really is a type of tool.  Virtually all tools have rigid rules about the serialization of unit activities (in language this would mean the grammar and syntax).  Both are hierarchical systems (in language this means motor activity).  Each produces arbitrary structure which eventually becomes a short term or permanent element of an environment.

STUDENT:  Is there a way I can use specialized language to heal emotional trauma or damage?

LEWIS: There are a number of approaches. One of the most interesting is known as “Clean Language”. This is a questioning technique developed by David Grove in the 1980s.  It  involves the optimization of language so the client discovers and develops specialized personal symbols and metaphors for the emotional healing process. This technique has become popular with some psychotherapists and Life Coaches.  Grove found that his clients used metaphorical language to describe trauma.  When he enquired about the ways that his clients used language to express these metaphors, their perception of the trauma changed.  Clean Language integrates four general elements of communication in a specialized way:

1.      syntax

2.      wording

3.      vocal qualities

4.      nonverbal communications

Clean Language has since been expanded upon by others including James Lawley and Penny Tompkins who created a system called “symbolic modeling”.

STUDENT: What is the connection between culture and language?

LEWIS: As far back as the Ancient Greeks, there was a distinction between civilized peoples and barbarous peoples based on differences in language. Different schools of thought give language a greater or lesser role in the creation of culture. Many of the German romanticists of the 19th century considered language more than just one cultural trait among many.  Language was considered the direct expression of a civilization’s national identity. Franz Boas, considered by many to be the father of American Anthropology, believed vehemently that that the shared language of a community is the most essential carrier of its common culture. (See the Conversation on Culture).

STUDENT:  The very structure of Linguistic and Cultural systems seems to be quite similar?

LEWIS: They are.  Both language and culture are essential to health communities and to relationships based upon reciprocal altruism (See the Conversation on Reciprocal Altruism).  This is because they consist of ways to do things that are constructed and perpetuated through social interactions. A child for example acquires language and basic cultural norms of society by interacting with knowledgeable peers and members of his or her cultural group.

STUDENT: Where can I explore specialized language as a means to analyze a culture?

LEWIS: A good place to begin is by familiarizing yourself with the “structural theories” of Ferdinand de Saussure.

STUDENT: What is unique about de Saussure’s idea?

LEWIS: He describes symbolic systems such as a language as consisting of signs.  This is the pairing of a particular form such as letters, words or symbols with a particular meaning..  This idea has become very influential in the academic study of culture.

STUDENT: How can I learn more about the different ways that languages can be used and how speech can vary in different communities, cultures and groups?

LEWIS: Sociolinguists, Ethno Linguists and Linguistic Anthropologists  specialize in studying ways of speaking vary between communities.

STUDENT: It seems that the field of specialized language can get very complex?

LEWIS: Specialized language is a term specific to the Harrison Mentoring Process. Certainly you may hear the term used in specific fields like tennis, neurology or oil well-drilling. Each specific area has its own language where common words take on new meanings. In the study of language or linguistics, there are many categories and unique subfields.

STUDENT: What would be an example of a subfield of linguistics?

LEWIS: Pragmatics. This is a subfield of linguistics which studies the ways in which context contributes to meaning.

STUDENT: What is included in the study of Pragmatics?

LEWIS: Pragmatics encompasses conversational implicature, speech act theory,  talk in interaction and other approaches to language behavior in linguistics, sociology, and philosophy.

STUDENT:  These areas of study cover a lot of territory. Can you be more specific?

LEWIS: Pragmatics studies how the transmission of meaning depends on knowledge about the status of those involved and the linguistic knowledge (e.g. grammar, lexicon etc.) of the speaker and listener as well as the inferred intent of the speaker, the context of the utterance, and many other factors.

STUDENT: If I choose to explore specialized ideas about language where do you suggest I begin?

LEWIS: Speech act theory is very interesting. This is a good place to start a deeper exploration.

STUDENT: Do you have any final thoughts on specialized language?

LEWIS: The extraordinary person, the genius, the polymath and the visionary require specialized language.

The ability to use specialized language in the appropriate place and time is essential for creating effective and efficient game based strategies that will assist you in  living your best possible life.


The Glossary of Specialized Words and Terms for Lewis Harrison’s Applied Game Theory


Activism: The use of direct, and at times confrontational, action in opposition to or support of a cause

Actualized Intention: At the moment I am ready, willing and able to act on a vision, it takes place spontaneously without discipline or willpower.

Algorhythm: A highly effective, sequential approach to problem solving. In an algorhythm there is usually a list of well-defined instructions for completing a specific task or solving a specific problem. The process will usually begin with an initial statement (state) or variable, and proceed through a well: defined series of successive states (steps), eventually ending with a solution to the problem (terminating in an end: state). Algorhythms are often used for calculation and data processing.

Altered State of Consciousness (ASC): A temporary state of mind where an individual has a heightened sense of awareness of both internal and external information not ordinarily available.

Altruism: A behavior in which one organism provides a benefit to another without expecting any payment or compensation

Ant colony optimization: A mathematical technique (algorithm) for solving various general or specific, complex or extreme problems based on the behavior that ants display when searching for food.

Art: Various expressions of human creative skill and activity or a work expressing this.  The most common expression of art are concerned with the production of imaginative designs, sounds, movements, rhythmic language as might be found in painting, sculpture, dance, singing, photography, filmmaking, theater etc.

Artificial Intelligence: The theory and development of computer systems able to perform tasks that normally require human intelligence, such as visual perception, speech recognition, decision-making, and translation between languages.

Assessment: A data gathering tool, often but not always in the form of a questionnaire, which helps us or helps a trained professional to isolate key information about how we think, feel, behave or function.


Barter: The voluntary trading of one thing for another.

Barter able goods and services: Anything, other than cash, that is widely used for making payments and accounting for debts and credits.

Belief Based Obstacle (BBOs): An idea or concept which is accepted as truth, fact or reality by an individual or group which may not be supportable by any logical evidence.

Best Practice: A method or technique that has consistently shown results superior to those achieved with other means, and that is used as a benchmark.

Biological system (or Organ system): Is a group of organs that work together to perform a certain task.  Common systems, such as those present in mammals and other animals, seen in human anatomyare those such as the circulatory system, the respiratory system, the nervous system, etc.

Biophilia Hypothesis: “Biophilia” literally means “love of life or living systems.”  The term is commonly used to mean that there is an instinctive bond between human beings and other living systems

Black Swan: What happens when something seemingly irrational, improbable, and unexpected and takes place that has substantial consequences.

Black swan events: A metaphor developed by Nassim Nicholas Taleb that describes an event that comes as a surprise, has a major effect, and is often inappropriately rationalized after the fact with the benefit of hindsight

Butterfly Affect: A theory that describes how changes in a cause will result in a larger affect than might have been expected?

Boredom: A mental state of operation in which a person is uncomfortable with his or her lack of interest in what he or she is doing. There is usually a lack of focus concerning the subject presently at hand alternating with an intense yet unpleasant focus on the same subject. There is also an extreme desire to disengage, focus elsewhere, even anywhere else other than with the subject or experience at hand. The only involvement is that which is minimally required to remain involved in the process or activity.

Bottleneck: A phenomenon where the performance or capacity of an entire system including a Game Based strategy is limited by a single or limited number of components or resources.

Brain: The part of the central nervous system enclosed in the cranium of vertebrates serving to control physical and mental actions.

Butterfly Affect: A theory that describes how changes in a cause will result in a larger affect than might have been expected?


Cash: Coin or paper currency of a recognized measurable value used to conduct business.

Capacity to Love: The ability to share (give and receive) an intense feeling of affection, caring, emotion, and intimate connection with oneself or another.

Cause and Effect: That which induces something to happen and the response to that cause.

Cellular Memory: Patterns reflective of emotional and physical events (instead of the emotions themselves) that subconsciously influence our lives and which are stored in muscle, tissue, various connective tissue and other tissue systems in the body.

Chess: A game of strategy for two with 16 pieces each played on a specialized designed checkered board.

Chop Wood Carry Water: One of the most commonly stated and most important of Zen Koans about being in the “moment”.

Chi: A universal force, generally invisible to the five senses that lies at the foundation of all existence. In different cultures it has been mapped into pathways known as meridians. Certain skilled individuals can experience in its various gradations and guide it and influence its flow.  Chi  is also known as Qi, Ki, Prana, Silver Thread, Logos, Nam, the Wireless Anatomy, spirit, divine force, God.

Choices: Things that may be carefully selected.

Chopping wood and carrying water: A Zen Buddhist concept of what it means to understand, and do what needs to be done as a guiding philosophy for struggle free living.

Chronemics: The study of the use of time in nonverbal communication.

Clarity of Thought: Understanding what “IS.”

Common incentive structure: The description used by system experts to describe when a system has a specific motivation for existing and offers similar benefits to all of the elements in that system.

Compassion: Pity inclining one to be merciful.

Competition: An act that is motivated by the desire to win. In its least productive forms, it sees all competition in adversarial terms.

Complex Hierarchies: Multiple, multiple layered hierarchies combined with other multiple, multilayered hierarchies which are directly linked at least at one  point.

Complex Hierarchy: A hierarchal system with a combination of multiple hierarchies which may or may not be directly linked.

Complex Problem: A decisions in which the decision maker will require additional information on which to base an evaluation of alternatives. Most often occurs where the expended resources is great or the risk of failure is high

Conservation and Balance: The storage and effective use of the Seventeen “Wealth and Freedom” Resources (See Level: Nineteen).

Counterfactual thinking is a term of psychology that describes the tendency people have to imagine alternatives to reality. Humans are predisposed to think about how things could have turned out differently if only…, and also to imagine what if?.

Cranial Sacral Therapy: A variety of techniques, originally developed by Osteopathic Doctors, where light touch, physical manipulation, and energetic balancing techniques are applied on the bones in the head and the bones at the base of the spine.

Critical Mass: A mathematically specific definition of a sociodynamic event which describes the existence of sufficient momentum in a social system such that the momentum becomes self-sustaining and fuels further growth.

Culture: A particular society at a particular time and place and the symbols, heroes, rituals and other tangible or visual aspects and practices of that society


Decision Science: A discipline that deals with the application of advanced analytical methods to help make better decisions. It is often considered to be a sub-field of Mathematics which Makes it of great importance both in classical game theory and in Lewis Harrison’s Applied Game Theory. The terms management science and Operations research are sometimes used as more modern-sounding synonyms.

Dependability: Trustworthy and consistent behavior

Diligence: the necessity of giving sufficient attention to detail to avoid error and prevail against obstacles.

Doctrine of the fortunate fall: Where sin is understood as beneficial because it makes redemption possible.

Domino effect: A chain reaction that occurs when a small change causes a similar change nearby, which then causes another similar change, and so on in linear sequence. The term is best known as a mechanical effect, and is used as an analogy to a falling row of dominoes. It typically refers to a linked sequence of events where the time between successive events is relatively small. It can be used literally (an observed series of actual collisions) or metaphorically (causal linkages within systems such as global finance or politics).

Dowsing: A “chi” based assessment system that allows an individual to search for underground water using a Y shaped rod that that dips when over the right spot.


Eighteen Game Based Resources: Eighteen qualities or skills common to all human beings. The full potentiating of each in balance with the other sixteen is the foundation from which love, wealth and freedom emerge. They are a core element to the application of Lewis Harrison’s Applied Game Theory.

Ego: The part of the mind that has self awareness.

Emotion: A mental and physiological state associated with a wide variety of feelings, thoughts, and behaviors.

Emotional Balance: Equilibrium in feelings, thoughts, behaviors and other factors related to the emotions in the face of problems and obstacles.

Emotional Healing: The intentional activities designed to creating emotional balance in a person’s life.

Emotional Response Evaluations: Various systems for reading facial and body movement as an  indicator of emotional feeling.

Enlightenment:  A deep insight into the purpose and meaning of all things, including communication with or understanding of the mind of God.

Ethics: Conscious and intentional action that is both right and good.

Extreme Problem: Known by mathematicians as a combinatorial optimization problem an extreme problem is a problem that has so many variables within its structure that a variety of experts are required to solve it. Usually, though not always, if an extreme problem is not solved it may lead loss of life and limb or chaos of one form or another for all who are affected by the problem.


Ethics: The conscious and intentional action that is both right and good.

Externally Driven Obstacles (EDOs): An external force and/or event that presents an obstacle to the fulfillment of an individual or group vision.

Extraordinary person: A person that consciously behaves in a simple and basic manner. Such a person acts out general social norms when appropriate in their daily life, but seldom or never does so habitually. The extraordinary person will change their behavior to match changes in these social norms if it serves their own actualization process and society as a whole. They are generally concerned with moral or ethical dilemmas and often examine the meaning of their lives, questioning much, and often and with great concern.


Faith: A conviction that something is true or fact.

First Cause: That which causes everything else; the ultimate creative force or being behind the universe.

Formal sciences: A system of gathering knowledge (research) using mathematics, logic, and statistics in a way that is so specific that one can correctly predict a reliable outcome consistently.

Flow: A mental state of operation – often referred to as being in ”the zone” – in which a person is fully immersed in what he or she is doing, experiences a feeling of energized focus, full involvement, and success in the process of the activity.

Futurism: Using systematic thinking to recognize patterns in life and how to respond to the unexpected.


Game: An activity often for fun or entertainment where an individual or groups of individuals must strategize, i.e. make decisions that will lead to a desirable outcome. Most games involve other living players though there are some games such as the card game solitaire where only one living player is involved.

Game Theory: Among scientists it is the name used to describe mathematical concepts (systems) that were designed to explain why and how individuals and organizations strategize, i.e. make decisions when one person (or more than one other person) might also affect the outcome of the decision.

Today, (2010) game theory has become an umbrella term or ‘unified field’ theory for thousands of games, most being rational approaches to many different defined interactions including relationships in business, spirituality, competition, sports, romance and even interactions with nonhuman players such as computers, animals, and plants.

Genetics: A discipline of biology; specifically, genetics is the science of genesheredity, and variationin living organisms.

Geomancy: A form of divination that interprets markings on the ground or the patterns formed by tossed handfuls of soilrocks, or sand. The most prevalent form of divinatory geomancy involves interpreting a series of 16 figures formed by a randomized process that involves recursion followed by analyzing them, often augmented with astrological interpretations. Sacred geometry is a form of geomancy that interprets the strength of chi in a certain geographical area.

Genetics: A discipline of biology; specifically, genetics is the science of genesheredity, and variationin living organisms.

Gödel’s incompleteness theorems: A series of ideas formulated by the mathematician/logican Kurt Gödel’s that was concerned with formal logical / mathematical language systems. One of these ideas states that the search for one formula that will answer all mathematic questions was misdirected since within any given branch of mathematics, there would always be some propositions that couldn’t be proven either true or false using the rules and axioms within the mathematical branch that was being used to ask the question of whether something was true or false.


Hacker:  Originally a hacker was an adherent of the computer programmer subculture that originally emerged in academia in the 1960s, in particular around theMassachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)’s Tech Model Railroad Club (TMRC) and MIT Artificial Intelligence Laboratory. Hackers from this subculture tend to emphatically differentiate themselves from what they pejoratively call “crackers“, that is, those who are generally meant when media and the general public people use the term “hacker”, and whose primary focus, be it for malicious or beneficial reasons, are weaknesses in computer security.

Hardwired: Something in human nature that is driven by internal forces, and that is distinct from intellect or conscious thought. These internal forces are driven by and are a reflection for the most part of genetic and biological factors and what is generally described in the Harrison Mentoring Process as natural law.

Hierarchy: A class of things; elements, grades, orders, values objects, entities and people organized into an order where one thing superior is above, inferior below (either vertically or horizontally), further in or out or at the same level as something else.

Hierarchal behavior: Actions of both an individual and a group designed to find a place for the individual in the group so that that the individual and the group get their needs met while having a similar mission, intention or vision.

Holism: The theory that living matter or reality is made up of organic or unified wholes that are greater than the simple sum of their parts.

Human Being: A man, woman, or child of the species Homo sapiens, distinguished from all other animals purportedly by superior mental development, power of articulate speech, and upright stance

Hierarchal thinking: The contemplation upon the most effective way to find your place in a group so that you get your needs met while having a similar mission, intention or vision as the group.

Human Capital: The stock of personality attributes, knowledge and competences, and knowledge contained in the ability to perform labor so as to create economic value.  In the Harrison Mentoring Process this concept is essential to understanding the Seventeen Wealth and Freedom Resources (SWFR).

Human potential: The capacity to experience full development or the capacity for the complete development of usable resources.



Influence: Any event or process where one entity (be it a person, corporation, government, religion, media organization, etc) can change either directly or indirectly another entity’s thoughts, feelings, or behaviors.

Infection through RTPs (Regenerating Thought Programs): The process that takes place (as a direct result of our genetic and biological inclinations towards the creation of community) when we involuntarily absorb ideas and behaviors and then pass-on these ideas and behaviors to others.

Information: A unit or units of knowledge, events, experiences, details, truths or beliefs.

Initiation: a formal rite of passage, often a ceremony, marking entrance or acceptance into adulthood or into a certain level or formal component within a group or society.

Insanity: The tendency to act out in antisocial ways that are illogical, irrational and emotionally unbalanced; Doing the same thing over and over and expecting a different result.

Intuition: The ability to immediately access and apprehend knowledge without the use of reason.


Kabbalah: Also known as Qabala, this is a set of esoteric teachings meant to explain the relationship between an eternal and mysterious Creator and the mortal and finite universe (His/her creation). While it is heavily used by some denominations, it is not a denomination in and of itself; it is a set of scriptures that exist outside the traditional Jewish Scriptures.

Knowledge: The combination of systematically stored information, untapped objective awareness, and untapped subjective awareness.


Law of Attraction: A theory that states that if a person’s though processes are clear and intention focused is that those things they desire or need will come to them without spontaneously and without struggle.

Law of Diminishing Returns: A term common in economics but applicable to any aspect of life that describes a point at which you have achieved the maximum that :you can from some fixed factor or variable and no matter how much more of this factor you use in the future, the benefit will decrease.

Language: The human capacity for complex symbolic communication through the   organization of words and nonverbal cues.

Left Brain Thinking: A broad characterization of thought patterns attributed to the left cerebral hemisphere of the brain. Left-brain thinking is described broadly as being linear, sequential, systematic and concerned with the details and steps that are involved in a particular process or event.

Game Theory: Among scientists it is the name used to describe mathematical concepts (systems) that were designed to explain why and how individuals and organizations strategize, i.e. make decisions when one person (or more than one other person) might also affect the outcome of the decision.

Globalization (or globalisation): The process of international integration arising from the interchange of world views, products, ideas, and other aspects of culture.[1][2] Put in simple terms, globalization refers to processes that increase world-wide exchanges of national and cultural resources.

Lewis Harrison’sApplied Game Theory (LHAGT):  An umbrella term for thousands of life strategies  including those related to business, politics, spirituality, competition, sports, romance and even interactions with nonhuman players such as computers, animals, and plants.  Most of the games within the model of Lewis Harrison’s Applied Game Theory combine rational and intuitive strategies the goal which is to maximize love, joy, freedom, clarity of thought, emotional balance, personal contentment, inner wisdom and happiness.  A comprehensive list of over 500 games discussed by Lewis and his students can be found at:


Linear Code: A systematic ordering of information important in error correction and detection schemes.  Linear codes can be valuable in transcending obstacles.

Love: There are many definitions of love. Like God, art, and truth, love is one of those concepts that is essential to our lives and yet cannot be easily defined. Generally speaking it can be described as an intense feeling of affection, an emotion, or an emotional state. In ordinary use, it usually refers to any one of many interpersonal states.

Lucid Dream: Pictures, images, people, events or symbols in the mind of a sleeping person who is aware that that he/she is dreaming.


Making a Difference: The intention to serve another or group in ways that shift or change the life patterns of that individual or group.

Mathematics: is an academic discipline, actually a collection of disciplines – both an art and science, depending upon whom you talk to – that is concerned with exploration, and measurement, and through these the drawing of necessary conclusions. Among the things in the Harrison Process that mathematical tools are specifically relevant too are the measurement of change, patterns, quantity, space, and structure.

Matrix: A 1999 American science fiction action film the future is depicted as  a simulated reality created bysentient machines  which is perceived by most humans as an authentic reality. The film addresses and integrates many ideas related to human and technology interactions especially the idea that logically speaking computers will, in time, control and dominate humanity without most of humanity even knowing that this has happened.

Meaning: Intention and significance.

Meditation: A generic term that describes a mental discipline involving self regulation and the focusing of attention on one specific point of reference or on the discarding of any point of reference.

Mentalist: The belief that some mental phenomena, particularly parapsychological activities such as telepathy and mind reading exist though they cannot be explained by physical laws.

Mind: A non-physical part within a conscious being that functions and acts in a myriad and combination of ways including aspects of intellect and consciousness that may include thinking, reasoning, imagining, memory, emotion, feeling, perceiving, caring, desiring, willing, distinguishing, assessing and judging. Mind is the stream of consciousness and includes all of the brain’s conscious and unconscious processes.  “Mind” is often used to refer to the thought processes of reason, thus a person acting without reason might be accused of “being out of their mind.”

Monkey Mind: The endless, obsessive process of thinking about one thing for a short time, and then another thing for a short time, without any specific intention to do so.

Morality: The study of what makes actions right and wrong. Based on the Latin moralitas “manner, character, proper behavior” It attempts to define, explain and examine social behavior. Also specific system of what is defined as right and good as is often imposed upon the individual by group belief or from the top of a hierarchy.

Movement Reeducation: The reorganization and recreation of an individual’s postural patterns.

Multiple Intelligences: A theory that states that within the human race there are many different categories of “intelligences”. Some and not others can be measured scientifically.

My Chemical Romance: An ecstatic form of love, known as romantic love which is caused in part by the interaction of certain brain chemicals.

Mystic meditation: A type of meditative practice that not only brings the meditator into an altered state of consciousness, but gives them a sense of connectedness with an authentic reality, that transcend the senses and all mental concepts and or brings them to God Realization, and the transcendence of death.

Myth: A sacred story.


Natural Law: The rules that consistently define how the universe functions.

Natural science: is one of three divisions of science, the other two being the social sciences and the formal sciences prior to the 17th century Natural Science was called natural philosophy and was less broad in interpretation of what was or what wasn’t scientific. The natural sciences as of 2010 are astronomy, biology, chemistry, earth science and physics.

Nature’s Systems: The systems that define the workings of the universe. These systems are generally defined either as LINEAR or NONLINEAR. Linear systems tend to relate to mathematical and scientific systems. Nonlinear systems may refer to a diverse range of perceptions including physics, theology and the belief that a creative intelligence is expressed in all living things.

Need: A desire for something that is essential for emotional, physical and/or mental survival.

Neuroeconomics: A relatively new science/art within behavioral economics that combines neuroscience, economics, and psychology. The focus of this system is to explore how people make decisions. It does this by studying the role of the brain in evaluating choices, categorizing risks and rewards, and isolating factors in how humans interact with each other.

Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP): A system for creating personal and organizational change by applying influence in certain specific ways.

Nineteen Game Based Resources: Eighteen qualities or skills common to all human beings. The full potentiating of each in balance with the other sixteen is the foundation from which love, wealth and freedom emerge. They are a core element to the application of Lewis Harrison’s Applied Game Theory

Non-linear:  Of or relating to a system of equations whose effects are not proportional to their causes. Essentially an equation that seems illogical but functions in ordinary reality/ Such a set of equations can be chaotic.

Non-Verbal Communication: The process of communication through sending and receivingwordless messages.

Number: Formally speaking a number is mathematical object or symbol used in counting andmeasuring. Numbers may also have a symbolic meaning in religious or spiritual practice. These are usually known as “sacred numbers.”


Obstacle: Anything that stands in the way of our achieving a desired result.

Oneirology: The scientific study of dreams

Ordinary person: A person who unconsciously behaves in a simple and basic manner. Such a person acts out general social norms in their daily life, and does so habitually only changing their behavior to match changes in these social norms. They are not generally concerned with moral or ethical dilemmas and seldom examine the meaning of their lives. They question little and have concern for less.


Paradigm: A paradigm is a theoretical and philosophical model, pattern or framework; specifically of a linguistic discipline or a mathematically based or scientific school of thought.

Pattern Language: A term coined by architect Christopher Alexander, is a structured method of describing good design practices within a field of expertise. Ordinary people can use it to successfully solve very large, complex design problems. Pattern language has much in common with many verbal and non-verbal languages however it is unique in that pattern language applies to some complex activity other than traditional communication.

Peak Experience: An ecstatic transpersonal experience that can be duplicated through intention and actions influenced by that intention.

Peter Principle: A business concept, originally presented as a humorous exploration of corporate culture and the slow rise of incompetence in middle and upper management.  It was first presented in1968 by Dr. Laurence J. Peter and Raymond Hull in their popular book: The Peter Principle.

Physical Energy: Energy associated with the flesh or corporal body.

Physics: A scientific study related to the detection and comprehending the basic rules that control matter and energy.

Plant Spirit Medicine: A specialized form of herbal healing that recognizes that each plant has a unique spiritual essence and that this essence can be called upon by a skilled individual to heal a person, plant or animal.

Play: A range of intrinsically motivated, yet voluntary activities normally associated with pleasure and enjoyment.

Pleasure: A pleasant sensation.

Polyamory: The desire for, acceptance of or practice of having more than one intimate, loving, relationship at a time with the full awareness, knowledge and free consent of everyone involved.

Power: When applied to human activities it is the conscious ability to harness internal or external activities so that the entity in possession of this power (be it a person, corporation, government, religion, media organization, etc) can change, either directly or indirectly, another entity’s thoughts, feelings, or behaviors.

Practical Math: Mathematical tools that are specifically relevant to the measurement of change, patterns, quantity, space, and structure.

Prayer: A form of spiritual or religious practice that seeks to activate an intentional connection to spirit, inner Qi, god, or some deity, through deliberate practice.

Prions: are small protein molecules. They are found throughout the spectrum of living creatures from baker’s yeast to Homo sapiens. It is not yet clear what purpose they serve when functioning normally.

Proxemics: The exploration of how we use and perceive the physical space around them.

Pseudo: Peak Experience: A hedonistically driven ecstatic experience that has no purpose other than pleasure.


Question: An inquiry that is concerned with the who, what, where, when, why, how or which of anything.


Radical Thoughts: Ideas whether true or false are so out of the mainstream so as to break with, even threaten the status quo.

Rappport: An important feature or characteristics of subconscious communication which involves commonality of perspective such as being “in sync” with, or being “on the same wavelength” as the person with whom you are interacting with.

Reciprocal Altruism: A unique behavior in which one organism provides a benefit to another with some boundaries and conditions.

Reframing: A communication technique popular among many psychotherapists and teachers of practical human potential skills.

Regenerating Thought Programming (RTPs): An abstract scientific theory concerning evolving patterns of contagious cultural information, that survives long enough to be recognized as such, and which can parasitically pass from mind to mind altering the behavior of those who receive it.

Relationship: An association with or the dealing and/or connections a person, place, or thing has with another person, place, or thing.

RTPs (Regenerative Thought Programs): An abstract scientific theory concerning evolving patterns of contagious cultural information, that survives long enough to be recognized as such, and which can parasitically pass from mind to mind altering the behavior of those who receive it.

Right Brain Thinking: A broad characterization of thought patterns attributed to the right cerebral hemisphere of the brain. Right/brain thinking is described broadly as nonlinear, creative, and imaginative.

Romantic love: Any form of love that is combined with sex, as well as emotional feelings associated with the two.


Scientific Management (Taylorism): An influential and pioneering theory of management developed by Frederick Winslow Taylor an American mechanical engineer.  Taylorism  seeks to analyzes and synthesize workflow processes, improving labor efficiency and effectiveness.

Sanity: The tendency to accept a worldview that expresses intellectual clarity and emotional balance.

Science: From the Latin scientia, meaning “knowledge”  in the strictest sense (specialized language) science refers to a system of gathering knowledge (research) so specific (based on the scientific method) that one can correctly predict a reliable outcome consistently.

Self Actualization: A motive, intention and process related to the realization of one’s full potential.

Self-Assessment: An inquiry into who we truly are?

Sex: Any thought, word or deed or manifestations including sexual acts involving physical intimacy. Sex includes desires arising from instincts, genetics, biology, consciousness and, or the subconscious.

Shamanism: An anthropological term of Siberian origin referencing a wide and diverse range of beliefs and practices regarding communication with the spiritual world. A practitioner of shamanism is known as a shaman (pronounced) “SHAH-men” or “SHAY-men”). The term is used more loosely in the human potential movement to include any person who enters into an altered state of consciousness or supernatural realms or dimensions to obtain solutions to problems afflicting the community. The shaman operates primarily within the spiritual world, which in turn affects the human world. The restoration of balance results in the elimination of the spiritual, emotional or physical ailment.

Shaman’s Dance: A term specific to the Harrison Mentoring Process that describes ways of thinking and being in daily life that both reflect and enhance the shamanic process.

Six Degrees of Separation: Also referred to as the “Human Web” this refers to a popular culture concept that everyone is at most six steps away from any other person on Earth, so that a chain of, “a friend of a friend” statements can be made to connect any two people in six steps or fewer. In reality a person with low social intelligence would be much more than six degree of separation from everyone else. A person with high social intelligence might be as low as four.

Social Intelligence: A theory that explores and defines ones ability to respond optimally, effectively, and appropriately in social situations.

Social networking: A social network is a structured system made of individuals or organizations (nodes) that are, for one reason or another, interdependent.

Social paradigm: A theoretical and philosophical model, pattern or framework that does not meet the strict requirement of a traditionally-defined paradigm and which requires that the belief be based specifically on linguistics or scientific school of thought.

Social Science: An umbrella term for various fields of academic scholarship that explore aspects ofhuman society and which lie outside of the natural sciences. Social science” is commonly used as anumbrella term to refer to a plurality of Among the most familiar natural science are: anthropology,archaeologyeconomicsgeographyhistory, international studies, linguistics,  political science, and  in some contexts, psychology.

Sociobiology: A field of scientific study which is based on the assumption that social behavior has resulted from evolution.

Sociology: The study of individual behavior in society.

Sociometry: A branch of sociology that uses quantitative assessment methods for measuring social relationships.  At its most sophisticated level it is a way of inquiring into the structure of groups.

Soul: The core of our being that transcends and underlies our emotional and physical existence and may even cease to be at all.

Space: Where we are, what is around us and where we can ce goods and/or services for use at a later time?

Specialized Language: Specifically defined and rigidly applied organization of words and non-verbal cues communicating detailed specific ideas in a highly defined specialized group.

Spiritual: Related to the divine, or to sacred matters.

Spiritual Focus: A desire and intention to apply thoughts, word, and deeds towards a connection with the divine.

Spiritual Seeker: Person who desires to know who they are, their reason for being and the source from which they came.

Spirituality: A sacred, devotional state of being often, but not always related to the concept of a creator or divine, intelligent force.

Stanislavsky’s Method: A theory developed by the Russian theater artist Konstantin Stanislavski and used in acting where an actor has a strong personal identification with a character, possibly including a reproduction of the character’s emotional state.

Status: Reputation, relative importance in a community, rank or social position

Storytelling: The sharing of an account of a real or imagined event.

Suffering: the disruptive, necessary mental, emotional, psychological, and spiritual experience of unpleasantness and aversion associated with harm or threat of harm. When suffering is physical, we know it as pain. Words that are roughly synonymic with suffering include these: unhappiness, misery, pain, woe, unpleasantness, distress, sorrow, misery, affliction, illness, discomfort, displeasure and disagreeableness.

Support Triangle: Any group of three people who come together in the agreement to consistently support each other in being extraordinary.

Sweat Equity: Physical energy or intellectual .talent or time offered as a currency or payment for some good or service in lieu of cash

Synergy: The cooperative interaction of two or more agents or forces among groups, so that their combined effect creates an enhanced combined effect that is greater than the sum of their individual effects. In LHAGT and in the creation of effective Life Strategies  synergy is essential for it expands the role of proactive and community based relationships

System: An established group of interdependent details or parts, items, ideas, or principles – that form a complex whole, and maintain their existence by interacting regularly, harmoniously, orderly, and methodically over time to perform a task.


Tacit knowing: A type of untapped subjective awareness, a process that is the essential personal component of knowing and knowledge and which cannot be systematized in the way that objective information might.

Tarot: A pack of cards (most commonly numbering 78), used as a tool to map mental and spiritual pathways.

Technology: Technology is the making, usage, and knowledge of toolsmachines, techniques, craftssystems or methods of organization in order to solve a problem or perform a specific function.

Tetris effect: What may take place when people devote sufficient time and attention to an activity that it begins to overshadow their thoughts, mental images, and dreams.  It is named after the video game Tetris.

Theory of constraints (TOC): A systematic approach to transending or compensating for the weakest element in any process?

Time: A continuous, measurable, progression of perceived existence. Among most groups time is defined as the past, present and future presented as a whole.

Time-shifting: What happens when an individual or organization takes information, usually in the form of a visual media (TV programming is the most common form) and intentionally pays it at a time other than when it could have been shown “live”. This is done to increase or increase influence. An example might be Time-shifting the opening ceremonies of the Beijing Olympic Games so that they get to be viewed during the evening hours in the United States.

Tipping Points: A common cliché that expands the technical application of the term critical mass to address many different situations relating to group or individuals.

Tools: Any device or devices used to perform or facilitate manual, mechanical, or technological tasks.

Touch: To come into or be in physical contact with another thing.

Traveling Salesman Problem: One of the most intensively studied problems in computational mathematics. The Traveling Salesman Problem (TSP) requires that we find the shortest path visiting each of a given set of cities and returning to the starting point.  This problem has not to this point (2010) been completely solved though genetic algorithms created by computer scientists Michael C. LaLena can, according to LaLena “be used to find a solution”. In the Harrison Mentoring Process the TSP can be used to solve extreme problems.


Vision: An idea, concept or content of experience that one wishes to have. A vision is different than a goal in that a vision is formless where a goal is already fully formed.  A vision is a type of content. When a vision is clear in the mind of a visionary the form that will best serve the fruition of that vision will arrive spontaneously. In this sense one might say that the content of a vision defines the form that we call a “goal”.

Visionary: An individual with clarity of thought, a passion for a clearly defined experience, and foresight on how that passion may manifest.


Walkabout: A rite of passage during which male Australian Aborigines would undergo a journey during adolescence and live in the wilderness for a period as long as six months. In modern life it refers to any spiritual journey where a person is unrestrained by any specific plan, structure, time frame or boundaries other than those related to functional behavior.

Want: A desire for something that, though not essential for survival and well-being, will bring emotional, physical and/or mental satisfaction.

Wisdom Sage: An extraordinary person who has a mastery of living well in the world while in possession of spiritual wisdom.

Wu Wei: a Chinese perspective on the Law of Attraction. The literal translation being, “the action that requires no action.”


Your Best Life: The fulfillment of the Seventeen Wealth and Freedom Resources in the Harrison Mentoring Process


Zen Koan: A storydialogue, question, or statement, the meaning of which cannot be understood by rational thinking but may be accessible through intuition or lateral thinking, i.e. a type of thought  that solves  problems or  accesses wisdom through an indirect and creative approach, using reasoning that is not immediately obvious and involving ideas that may not be obtainable by using only traditional step-by-step logic.

Zen Mind: A way of being or thought associated with in a Japanese School of Buddhist. In Zen Mind offered a person is completely clear in thought, present in intention, child-like in innocence, and free of regrets for the past or expectation for the future.

Zero Sum Game: A situation in which one participant’s gains result only from another participant’s equivalent losses. The net change in total wealth among participants is zero; the wealth is just shifted from one to another. In basic terms it means that if one person wins than everyone else has to lose.


Life is About Change


This Blog explores applied game theory, life strategies, personal development and self help how change and the resistance to change affects our lives?

Definition: Change – A shift in a recognizable pattern or habit.

STUDENT: Speak further about change.
LEWIS: We all know that life is all about change.  In the creation of a life filled with love, freedom and wealth the ability to respond effectively to and influence what changes around is essential. It doesn’t really matter why or how people change. It only matters that they do. Even if people could somehow refuse to change, everything and everyone else around them would still change.

STUDENT: And yet people do not change easily?
LEWIS: No, they don’t. People like habit and they will stick to what they know unless they are in such discomfort that they must change or experience the pain of remaining where they are.

STUDENT: Pain? Speak more about pain and change.
LEWIS: Dr. Dennis Waitley, a well known writer and speaker in the motivational field has gone  on record as  saying, “When I  experience  pain I  know  it  simply  as  a  signal for change.  It tells me that I need to change either the way I do things or the way I look at things.

STUDENT: Is there a system for measuring change?

LEWIS: Substantial change seldom happens instantaneously. It happens in stages. The rate and manner in which people change will vary based on many factors including beliefs, culture, gender, and personal history. Throughout the change process, relapses can and often will occur. This should not be a point of concern. Relapse is a normal process and a constant possibility in one’s attempt to change behaviors. Mathematicians use  calculus  as  a  tool  for  studying  complex  changes.  A master influencer will use different persuasion techniques depending upon what stage of change the receiver is  in  and  whether or not they are in relapse. (See the Conversation on Mastering the Art and Science of Influence.)

STUDENT: So there is a system of influence based on the point of change that an individual is in?

LEWIS: Yes. One of the most effective approaches is known as The Transtheoretical  Model  of  Influence. This approach works on  the  concept  that since influence creates change, it is best applied in situations where change is the prime focus. Those  who  use this model believe that there are five  essential stages of change. Since people are always changing it  seems  natural that an individual who understands these five essential stages can effectively apply influence.

STUDENT: What are these five stages of change?
LEWIS: The Five Stages of Change as defined by the Transtheoretical Model of Influence are:
• Pre-contemplation – This  is  a  state  of benign ignorance. Highly heuristic in nature, individuals in pre-contemplation mode will generally not even think about a situation more than they have to. In this stage, an individual is not even conscious of change. The status  quo  rules. There is no thought of risk, or of internal or external influences. Things just are as they are. There are no thoughts about consequences. There is a faith that all that has worked  before  will  continue to work as it has before. There are some individuals in a state of pre-contemplation, though a minority who know that a particular behavior is not in their best interest, but see no reason to change it. Most of us are in a  state of pre-contemplation a  good part of the time.
• Contemplation – In this stage, individuals recognize that there is a consequence for  their behavior and have  even  considered  changing. They may even have explored a solution to the problem at hand – Googled it, talked to some friends about it, took notes on it while hearing about it on TV, the radio, or the news. It is a major thought, rather than a passing thought, however it is still merely a thought rather than a commitment. These are the folks who talk about writing a book some day or quitting smoking. They are interested, involved, and even excited. Yet they are still spectators to the game at hand, not yet participants.
• Preparation – In this stage, individuals decide to change risky or unproductive behavior. In the process of this preparation, they are exploring what the best course of action will be. In essence, “What will make the cost too high to choose one path over another?” When the preparation stage is complete, it is time to act.
• Action – The change has taken place recently, maybe in the last six months. There is no way as of yet to determine whether it will be long-term or short-term change but the change is a reality. It is a one-day-at-a-time kind of thing but you are definitely on your way.
• Maintenance – Interestingly, maintenance can become as heuristic a mode as pre-contemplation. This is because once you have repeated a behavior over and over it becomes comfortable and consistent. You do it without thinking or planning. There is no discipline required. It is automatic! The change has lasted long enough, and patterns have been established to indicate that the change will be maintained.  In such a case, there is usually an attitude change and the changed individual can even articulate what motivated the change and what it is that he or she did to make it last.

The Transtheoretical Model of Influence provides a simple, easy to understand and apply approach to influence and persuasion. By understanding the five stages of change and applying the appropriate influence models they are assured of success.

STUDENT: Is the Transtheoretical Model of Influence easy to apply in everyday situations?

LEWIS:  It requires specific skills. Particularly keeping in mind that it is essential that you assess what stage the receiver is at and make the appropriate tactic for influence to fit  the stage of change. Why approach a person in pre-contemplation with an influence model that is most appropriate for a person in the action stage? It just won’t work. In fact, there is a good chance that the receiver won’t even recognize that you’re attempting to influence them.

STUDENT: Are you saying that if you apply the wrong form of influence for a specific stage of change, that which you are doing will not even show up on the receiver’s mental radar?

LEWIS: That is correct. You must consciously define what stage the receiver is at then assess whether he is in a heuristic or systematic mode, and then use an influence tool that fits the stage and the mode. This cannot be done too quickly either. If you are in a hurry or impatient, the Transtheoretical Model will not serve you well. You must move stage by stage, systematically, shifting your influence models as the receiver moves from one stage of change to the next.

STUDENT: This seems like a lot of work. There must be an easier way?
LEWIS: There are  many  easier  ways but not if you wish to have longstanding influence. If you are effectively able to influence the receiver at each stage, you are building a foundation of influence as well as a bridge to the next stage.

STUDENT: So you start at stage one and influence step by step?

LEWIS:  No. Keep in mind that when you first attempt to influence the receiver, he or she may already be in stage two, three, or four. You must be skilled enough to determine this before you engage the receiver in the influence process.

STUDENT: Can influence be used to help a sick person heal from a physical or emotional illness?

LEWIS:  Yes. There are many different types of influence-based health professionals. Psychotherapists and counselors including psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, and specially trained therapists such as family therapists, pastoralcounselors, behavioral therapists, gestalt therapists and body/mind therapists (those that integrate hands on healing with counseling).
STUDENT: Is there an ethical problem with a therapist or health professional using these manipulation techniques to influence a client or patient?

LEWIS: NO. All  therapy  and  counseling  techniques  and  systems  involve suggestibility as part of the process. Psychotherapy  and  mental health counseling  come  in  many forms  including  Freudian  and Jungian Psychoanalysis, Gestalt and Rational Emotive Therapy, Ericksonian Hypnosis (and its offshoot, Neuro-Linguistic programming), Inner Child work, Family Therapy, and  many  others.  If there  were no influence involved then the work would have little or no value. It is the influence that makes it so valuable. Some health professionals are in the business of influencing their  clients  to  be  more responsible  and accountable for their actions and behaviors. A skilled therapist should have background in  the  study of human development  and  personality;  interpersonal issues, marriage, family  and group/ community dynamics;  cultural systems;  research methods;  and supervised  field experience.   Many  of   these approaches  focus on  reversing  common  self-defeating  behavior  and  negative thinking. All of this is applied influence in one form or another.

 There is so much to master here. Where does one begin? Where is the manual that will teach me everything I need to know about influence?

LEWIS: There is  no  manual  that  will  ever  be  accurately  called  “The Definitive Book  on  the Art and Science of Influence.” We have just too much new research and too  many  revolutionary  approaches arriving on the scene. However, I know if a serious student studies, researches, practices and repeatedly puts the principles into practice with positive intentions and ethical applications, he or she will immediately notice a shift in his/her own quality of life. These students will see the world through new  eyes. It will happen quickly and seem much as it must have seemed to Moses when the Red Sea parted in response to his command.

STUDENT: Can you discuss the relationship between instinct and the choices we make?
LEWIS: Yes. In the end, both the influencer and receiver benefit from the process because when applied effectively and proactively, influence  makes the world a better place to live in.

STUDENT: Can you discuss the relationship between instinct and the choices we make?
LEWIS: Human beings, more than any other living creature have a wide range of  choices  available  to them. One of these choices is to respond to our genetic and biological inclinations. Another is  to  make short-term journeys into the domain of desire and short-term gratification, even if to d o  so  is  to  rebel,  even slightly against our genetic predispositions.  Do we repress, suppress, or transcend our instinctual urges, or do we act on these urges? And then the question arises, “Can we learn to leverage  one  urge (the urge to compete for instance) against another  (the urge for sex)?

STUDENT: So in essence all humans possess the ability to make choices in opposition to instinctual urges when they wish to?

STUDENT: It must be difficult if not impossible to make a choice that goes against one’s genetics?
LEWIS: It is difficult. There is always the question of what is one to do if one has a genetic disposition towards a pattern or behavior. Is it best to act on it or if it appears to have negative consequences, to avoid it?
STUDENT: Should a person with alcoholic tendencies simply avoid imbibing in the beverage or should he say,  “This is me, it feels nice, and I’m going to do it in spite of my genetics or rather because of my genetics.”?
LEWIS: As I have said  often throughout the Harrison mentoring process, “I am not going to tell someone how to live his or her life.” The fact is that the choices we make, whatever the source or influence, affects our health and viability as an individual.

To see photos of beautiful architecture that has been abandoned: http://www.boredpanda.com/abandoned-places/




Lewis Harrison, the author of this blog is a speaker, consultant, and Contemporary Spiritual Teacher. He is a pioneer in the personal development movement The author of nine self help books on human potential he offers seminar, workshops, retreats and phone based coaching. He is creating a series of ebooks entitled “Ask Lewis…” which will be available on line



Lewis offers phone-based and on-line life coaching services and created the course on Life Strategies www.How ToSolveAny Problem.com – a simple system for decision making based on Game Theory, the idea expanded on by John Nash, the Nobel prize winning subject of the biopick “A Beautiful Mind”.



Game Theory, Intution and the Butterfly Effect

Intuition and Cause and Effect

Q. The concept of cause and effect seems pretty obvious?

LEWIS: This chapter is not about just “cause and effect” alone but about exploring the ways that events in the past or present may influence actions in the future.

All a discussion about cause and effect can be on the most basic level; the fact that things move and in that movement they induce some things to happen. But it gets a bit more complex than this.

Q:  How would an understanding of cause and effect enable one to see the possible in the impossible?
LEWIS: The concept of cause and effect is central to most of what we do in life. History, anthropology, memory, the choices we make in the present and the choices we make for the future are all based on some level on the concept of cause and effect. Change drives Life; the actions and responses of life to those actions drives the path that change takes.


Q:   Is there a system for determining the effect in response to a specific cause?
LEWIS:   There’s not an exact system but there is some very interesting mathematical work being done in this area.  Much of it is based on the research of MIT meteorologist Edward Lorenz. In 1960 Lorenz tried to create a model for predicting the weather. He wrote simplified equations that represented changes in wind velocity, pressure, temperature, and eight other variables. He then fed this information into a primitive computer. Just as he expected, his predictions of the weather were fairly accurate for the first few days.  However, as three, five or even seven days passed, the predictions were less and less accurate. Dr. Lorenz realized that the further an effect was from the cause the less easy it would be to predict what the effect might be.  He realized that eventually every long-term prediction would at some point depart from reality.

Q:  This seems obvious to me?

LEWIS:  It may seem obvious now, but back in 1960 the implications were staggering. Until Lorenz made his discovery, scientists assumed that a slight change in a cause would result in an equally small change in the responding effect. Linear modeling, the type of modeling most commonly used I stastics demonstrated this fact. However, Lorenz’s research dealt with non-linear equations. His equations proved that the previous assumptions were incorrect and a small shift in a single variable could over time create a much larger effect.  You can see this effect by simply throwing a pebble into a pond and observing the effect.

Q:   What is the application in practical terms of Lorenzo’s discovery?
LEWIS:  In spiritual terms it is an important demonstration of the value of surrender in certain circumstances. Lorenzo’s discovery shows us why long-term weather reports can be so unpredictable and why life may be equally unpredictable.  Consider weather as a metaphor for life. Both obey physical laws.  Like the weather, life is filled with many variables. A small change in the initial condition in a system can cause a chain of events leading to large-scale phenomena.  Any change in the system, even on a microscopic level, can affect the trajectory of the system and lead to a completely different sequence of events. Likewise any unexpected event in our life can lead to completely diverse results.  There is a unique and elegant orderliness even in this seemingly chaotic system – a system that may be affected by microscopic changes. The longer the time from the cause to the effect, the larger number of changes that will take place and the further the results will be from what was originally expected.

Q:  Is there a name for Lorenzo’s specific theory of how changes in a cause will result in a larger affect?
LEWIS: Lorenzo named his discovery “sensitive dependence on initial conditions.” Meteorologists began calling it the Butterfly Effect (technically, disambiguation).  The concept was that if a butterfly were to flap its wings in Manila in April, by the following August the extreme affect of this one small action, this pebble in the pond,  might affect hurricane patterns in Miami in September.

Q:  Does this mean that every action results in an extreme reaction?
LEWIS: No. The microscopic changes in the atmosphere that take place from a Butterfly flapping its wings may also produce the opposite result, preventing a hurricane from appearing.

Q:  How would this discovery affect our ability to transcend obstacles and solve problems?
LEWIS: Many scientists began to rethink the way they solved problems. They realized that many problems that could not be solved seemed unsolvable because the questions were either inappropriate or too general.

Q:   What are the other effects of Lorenzo’s theory?
LEWIS: For one, he showed us that the laws of nature are more complex than we ever realized and that the world is more chaotic than we ever thought.

Q:   I have heard the term “Chaos Theory.” Does the Butterfly Effect relate to this in any way?
LEWIS: Yes. The butterfly effect is a “short hand” for the more complex, detailed and technical idea known as “sensitive dependence on initial conditions” which is part of chaos theory.

Q:  What are some of the other implications of Lorenzo’s Theory?
LEWIS: His work also led to the understanding among scientists that small changes in the initial condition of a dynamic system can result in much larger variations in the long-term behavior of the same system. This is sometimes presented in extreme ways such as the Butterfly/Hurricane illustration. It can, however, be exhibited by very simple systems. For example, you are sitting in the driver’s seat of your car and your wallet falls out of your pocket onto the car floor. Where it will land will depend on slight differences in the wallet’s initial position when it left your pocket.

Q:  Can the Butterfly Effect be used in predicting results?
LEWIS: Yes. As an assessment process becomes more intense and the questions asked about a problem more specific and accurate, there is a greater chance of tracking effects of a particular action.

Q:   So the Butterfly Effect helps us to solve problems more easily by understanding more effectively the patterns in cause-and-effect reactions?
LEWIS: Yes.  And it also enables us to see possibilities where the impossible existred before. For generations researchers, scientists and engineers of every variety have used different algorithms to predict events. However they were only capable of predicting those things that seemed predictable. How many miles will a car travel on a gallon of gas, or how deep and large a foundation will you need to support a sixty-story building? With this new information and the tools associated with it researchers could more easily predict, even extrapolate, what might happen given a set of variables.

Q:  This theory will not help them to solve every problem. Won’t there always be some butterfly whose wing flapping may change the course of history?
LEWIS:  Yes. And yet we also know that when that butterfly flaps its wings in Manila, something larger will happen besides another butterfly flapping its wings in Miami.


Q:  Do you have any final thought on the concept of cause and effect?

LEWIS: Remember that cause and effect must be tested quantitatively in order to get an accurate picture of what is going on. It is also important to stay aware of when a process has reached the point of diminishing returns.


Q. Define The Law of Diminishing Return?

LEWIS: The Law of Diminishing Returns is a term common in economics and problem solving but applicable to any aspect of life that describes a point at which you have achieved the maximum that you can from some fixed factor or variable and no matter how much more of this factor you use in the future, the benefit will decrease.

Q:   What is the background behind the Law of Diminishing Returns?
LEWIS: This concept has been recognized in one form or another since ancient times, Dr. William R. Corcoran first wrote about The Law of Diminishing Returns as it relates to hierarchal group behavior. Dr. Corcoran researched Corrective Action Programs at nuclear power plants. He observed that the principle of diminishing returns could be applied to technology of virtually every type including vacuum cleaners and the evaluation tools used to manage change.

Q. Can the Law of Diminishing Returns be understood completely with a mastery of mathematics?

LEWIS: Hardly. Intuition is essential for seeing the gems of possibility within the impossible.


Q. Please define intuition?

LEWIS: Intuition is the ability to immediately access and apprehend knowledge without the use of reason.


Q. If we were in a situation where we had all the information we might need to make an effective decision, why would intuition be important?

LEWIS: At times we may find, for any number of reasons that we cannot act on the information that is available to us.  Intuition is especially valuable in such situations.


Q. Are there logical solutions to most problems?

LEWIS: I would imagine that given enough time one might eventually determine the most rational, logical, and desirable choice in virtually any situation.  Yet, we may use every logical skill and resource available to us and there will be situations where still no one choice stands out among the various options.  There are also times in life when we are presented with a number of choices where no one choice seems superior to the others. And then there is the time factor.  There are situations where the time is simply not available to look at all of the variables at hand to make a logical choice and yet the moment is here and a choice must be made immediately.


Q. What is one to do in such a situation?

LEWIS: A person must go with their gut feeling.  They must trust their intuition.


Q. The definition of intuition seems somewhat general.  Have researchers ever been able to isolate where it resides in the body or area of the brain?

LEWIS: Intuition is not one thing.  As hard as it is to define intuition specifically, it is something that almost all people agree exists, and yet its existence is little more than an object of faith and belief that we cannot necessarily justify.


Q. Is intuition always there or do we develop it as we might develop any other skill?

LEWIS: Intuition is the result of many different linear and non-linear factors coming together.  Intuition is what appears between the lines of what seems logical and what seems obvious to most individuals (called surface reality).  These elements are then combined with historical and empirical information, heightened observation skills, and an intention to experience fully what is going on internally and externally in our world.


Q. Is intuition connected to the subconscious mind?

LEWIS: Yes.  One of the strongest elements of the subconscious mind is the ability to sense or know something immediately and without reasoning.  As an individual focuses on the process of Self-Actualization they will find that that they are constantly developing ever-greater sensitivity, both consciously and subconsciously, to what intuition communicates.


Q. Please describe what happens when an individual’s intuition is in a heightened state?

LEWIS: Some people have an uncanny ability to see that which most of us do not see.  It is not some psychic ability that they possess yet it is an ability that transcends ordinary knowledge.  It is as if they, the highly intuitive man or woman, sees essential data in slow motion and somehow knows and senses what is going on in a way that is far beyond ordinary conscious understanding.  Over time they will increasingly learn to trust these messages.  More often than not, this intuitive information doesn’t come in verbal or logical form.  In fact, in the beginning they will usually be unaware that they are developing this level of intuitive sensitivity.


Q. Are we all capable of doing this?

LEWIS: We are all intuitive on some level.  We often make wise choices and yet if asked to articulate how we made this one choice rather than another we could not say so.


Q. In what disciplines does the study of intuition play an important role?

LEWIS: Intuition is of interest to philosophers, theologians, mystics, law enforcement officers, psychologists, and many other professions where intellect alone will not suffice to get to key information.


Q. How is intuition used in psychology?

LEWIS: It depends on the psychological system being applied.  Some of the earliest exploration of intuition in psychiatry was by Carl Jung, one of the pioneers in the field.  Over the years many other important mental health pioneers have addressed and integrated intuition into their work.


Q. How can one use intuition as a tool for healing physical or emotional problems?

LEWIS: One of the strongest elements of the emotional healing process is an expansion of intuitive sensibilities.  If one engages in self assessment, introspection and emotional balancing activities consistently, one is likely to discover that one has also developed greater intuitive sensibility and sensitivity.  In time, one also begins to trust these intuitive messages more and more.


Q. How does intuition speak to us?

LEWIS: This intuitive information doesn’t come in verbal or logical form.  In fact, in the beginning one is not even aware that he or she is developing this level of intuitive sensitivity. Intuition will generally be experienced differently for each individual.  Researchers in this area find that these unique experiences can be categorized as:

LEWIS:  Physical sensations (kinesthetic)

b.  Emotions and feelings (emotive)

c.  Symbols and images (mental)


Q. Please explain each of the above categories.


Physical Sensations – Kinesthetic intuitives experience physical sensations that communicate information. They feel physically “comfortable” or “uncomfortable” about something.  This may appear as a gut sense, a physical pain, or something that excites their heart.

b. Emotions and Feelings – This is usually experienced as a vague or specific feeling that has no explanation, but is usually right. You might feel slightly depressed because you know something is wrong.  You actually become sensitive to the emotional states of others who are around you.  You see their posture or you automatically have a feeling arise when they say something.  It is not intellectual.  It happens right there in that moment.  Emotional intuitives often say the words “I like” and “I don’t like”, or “This feels good or bad to me.”  They respond to requests from others and make decisions based on how they feel.  If they are not conscious of this quality they may experience a feeling, without realizing that they are picking up thoughts and feelings from another person.

c. Symbols and Images – Can a mental picture resemble a thought?  It may simply be an internal conversation you are having with yourself about a solution to a problem.  It could be a brainstorm in the shower, a hunch and/or a nagging thought that will not go away in the mind of a person who is not normally obsessive about thoughts.  Intuition is not logical but you can initially experience it as if it is. These thoughts are about common sense and what seems obvious.  It is a more goal-oriented sensibility than the other two forms of intuition.


Q. Is one of these forms more common than the others?

LEWIS: According to my friend Nancy Rosanoff, a respected writer and speaker on intuition, “Most often people have a combination of the above three, though one form may be dominant.  Rarely is someone totally one type. We categorize them only to indicate that there is more than one way to perceive intuitive information.


Hello Friend,


Some of you have requested that I post the entire Q & A part of my classes rather than just short segments. Let’s compromise. I am posting short segments in this e-mail but you can read the Q & A from the entire class in a blog post at my website at www.LewisHarrisonsAppliedGameTheory.com

This is an extract of a class I taught on Initiation.  Initiation is any formal rite of passage, often a ceremony, marking entrance or acceptance into adulthood or into a group or society.  If you are part of a religious organization, a mystic path or a membership based club you have probably experienced some form of initation.


I hope you enjoy this excerpt.


Lewis Harrison



Lewis Harrison, the author of this blog is a speaker, consultant, and Contemporary Spiritual Teacher. He is a  pioneer in the personal development movement  The author of nine  self help books on human potential he offers seminar, workshops, retreats and phone based coaching. He is creating a series of ebooks entitled “Ask Lewis…” which will be available on line


Lewis offers phone-based and on-line life coaching services and created the course on Life Strategies www.LewisHarrisonsAppliedGameTheory.com  –  a simple system for decision making based on Game Theory, the idea expanded on by John Nash, the Nobel prize winning subject of the biopick “A Beautiful Mind”.






Lewis hosts a weekly radio show “What Up” that explore game theory. The show broadcasts Wednesdays and Thursday on WIOX 91.3 FM  – 4:00 PM – 6:00 PM (EST).  The show is also available as an internet stream at the same time period at WIOXRadio.org


To read the Q & A from the entire class in a blog post at my website at www.LewisHarrisonsAppliedGameTheory.com


What is Truth?

Lewis Harrison explores, “You Can’t Handle the Truth”

I awoke about 3:00 am this morning asking myself questions about truth and the distinction between what is truth or fiction? Sometimes this happens – I awake with just a few hours of sleep with some questions bouncing around my head. When this happens, going back to sleep or meditating is a lost cause. The only solution is to “dive” into the question. “is there a naked truth, an undisputed truth?”.

As I thought about the idea of truth that line from the play and movie “A Few Good Men” came I to my mind. The one where Jack Nicholson yells, “You can’t the truth? You can’t handle the truth!”

Today Sunday, is a day when many of us express our faith either formally in some house of worship or in some personal way. The idea of faith which is a hope for the truth is closely tied to the idea that one can actually know what is true.


Here are some of my thoughts on this.

It seems that as knowledge and expertise increase, creativity and innovative thinking seem to drop off. There are many reason why this happens but one of the main ones is that once you systematize your world view and the patterns that form out of that a hidden type of arrogance forms where it is hard for a person to believe that they do not know as much about what they think they know and they think they do.

A belief that one knows what is true or “so” is likely to breed arrogance. After all once one achieves expertise in a particular subject, it’s is natural to imagine not knowing what you do. In time one develops a specialized language unique to this level of expertise including various catch phrases, cliché’s and jargon that are foreign to the uninitiated. When it’s time to achieve a specific goal an expert is likely to achieve that goal the way it has always been done effectively. In a corporate environment this is often know as applying “best practices”. Unfortunately the down side of this way of thinking is that it stifles innovation and does not address the issue of new technologies and new ways of thinking

Any innovative thinker is cursed by their knowledge. On one level they can tap into wisdom and knowledge not available to most. On the other hand they can’t even conceive of what it might be like to be as ignorant as the mass of ordinary people.

How does one transcend this dilemma?

To begin with one must create a support system of experts from different disciplines. This can include individuals with highly creative and expansive minds who might even have done work in a related but different field, and who is not in a hierarchal or competitive environment of which you are a part.  You definitely do not want someone in this group who can gain or lose any benefit by agreeing or disagreeing with your ideas.

In this creative environment new types of “common language” that dissolve entrenched and ineffective specialized language will come into being. After all you can’t innovate in a group if everyone is speaking a different abstract language of specialization and expertise.  Part of this support system needs to be creative and artistic individuals whose only purpose is to keep these innovators track. This “outsider factor” forces the group of innovators to observe their reality from a new and different perspective. The result of this is new solutions to old problems and simple solutions to complex problems.

There are some very basic questions that will arise in any field of endeavor that will stump the experts.  Believing that you know the truth who worshipping your own expertise  is one of the great obstacles   to answering these questions

In my exploration of Applied Game Theory and in the Wisdom Path, my term for my daily spiritual practice, it is impossible to know any absolute truth intellectually.  This is not to say that there is no absolute truth, only that there is no way to come to it through a logical, deductive or inductive, left brain stream of thought. Among many great thinkers there is a trilemma (A difficult choice from three options, each of which is, or appears unacceptable or undesirable) .known as The Münchhausen trilemma (named after Baron Münchausen, a German Nobleman who told outrageous stories about his adventures including allegedly pulling himself and the horse on which he was sitting out of a swamp by his own hair).  Also known as Agrippa’s trilemma, this is a term used by philosophers and mathematicians to point out the purported impossibility of proving any truth even in the fields of logic and mathematics.

Imagine that a person states that something is “true”. I may then ask “How do you know that it’s true?” The person may then respond with some proof or evidence that it is in fact true.  Yet that same question can be asked of the fact or proof, and any subsequent proof. As I stated, the Münchhausen trilemma is that there are only three options when providing proof in this situation:.

  • Circular      Arguments – Here a theory and proof support each other (i.e. we repeat      ourselves at some point)
  • Regressive      Arguments – Here each proof requires a further proof, ad infinitum ad (i.e.      we just keep giving proofs, presumably forever)
  • Axiomatic      Arguments – Here you must question even that which appears to be obvious,      self evident, unquestionable or based on accepted precepts (i.e. we reach      some bedrock assumption or certainty)

The first two methods of reasoning are essentially flawed. As for the third, many great thinkers going back to the great Taoist and Zen teachers as well as the Greek skeptics have recommended deep questioning of all accepted values. The trilemma, then, is the decision among the three equally unsatisfying options.

Looking at this idea metaphorically as presented by the ancient Greek philosopher Agrippa we must deal to with following obstacles to logical ideas about truth and what is true:

  1. Dissent – The      uncertainty of the rules of common life, and of the opinions of      philosophers.
  2. Progress as ad infinitum      – All proof requires some further proof, and so on to infinity.
  3. Relation – All      things are changed as their relations become changed, or, as we look upon      them from different points of view.
  4. Assumption – The      truth asserted is merely a hypothesis.
  5. Circularity      – The truth asserted involves a vicious circle. Here you would say      something is “so” and then make a justification for it. However even the      justification requires a justification or support.  Thus any proposition of any form       can be endlessly (infinitely) questioned, much like a child asking      “why?” over and over again.


If these ideas get your mental juices flowing you might want to explore the following thinkers and ideas:

*Plato’s Third Man Argument

* Tarski’s Undefinability Theorem

* Godel’s incompleteness theorem

* Any Zen koan





Lewis Harrison is a pioneering speaker, success coach and practical philosopher specializing in human potential and personal development.  He is the creator of the “Ask Lewis…” Series of ebooks.


He created the system known as Lewis Harrison’s Applied Game Theory (LHAGT). This body of work is presented in  a 2,000 page manual offering  effective strategies for solving a multitude of basic and complex problems as well as exploring a wide range of disciplines.



He is the owner of  Events Chair Massage www.Eventschairmassage.com

Lewis conducts online training and coaching programs as well as residential retreats at the Harrison Center for Personal Development www.TheHarrisonCenter.com


His most recent book is “Spiritual, Not Religious: Sacred Tools for Modern Times